Time: The shorter the time in a radiation
field, the less the radiation exposure. Work quickly and efficiently. A rotating team
approach can be used to keep individual radiation exposures to a minimum.
Distance: The farther a person is from a
source of radiation, the lower the radiation dose. Do not touch radioactive materials. Use
shovels, brooms, etc., to move materials to avoid physical contact.
Shielding: Although not always practical in
emergency situations, shielding offered by barriers can reduce radiation exposure.
Quantity: Limit the amount of radioactive
material in the working area to decrease exposure.
Emergency responders have never received exposures of
medical concern in any radiation accident in the United States.