Basics of Radiation
Safety Around Radiation
Types of Radiation Exposure
Managing Radiation Emergencies
Guidance for Prehospital Emergency Services
Introduction || Guidelines || Hazard
Identification || Control Zone || Emergency
Medical Management || Responding to a Fire || Responding to a
Spill || Responding to a Nuclear Weapons Accident
General Guidelines for Responding to a
Consult the DOT Emergency Response Guidebook.
- Some materials may react with water or water vapor in air to
form a hazardous vapor.
- Small Fires: Dry chemical, CO2, Halon, water spray,
or regular foam.
Large Fires: Water spray, fog, or regular foam.
- Move undamaged containers from fire area if you can do it
without risk. Do not touch damaged containers.
- Cool containers that are exposed to flames with water from the
side until well after fire is out.
- Fight fire as if toxic chemicals are involved. To the extent
possible, keep upwind and avoid smoke, fumes, gases, and dusts.
- For massive fire in cargo area, use unmanned hose holder or
monitor nozzles; if this is impossible, withdraw from area and let fire burn.
- Stay away from ends of tanks. Withdraw immediately in case of
rising sound from a venting safety device or if there is discoloration of tanks due to
fire. Fight fires from maximum distance.
- Delay cleanup until radiation authority provides guidance.