Harold Swartz MD MSPH PhD

Swartz

Harold Swartz, MD, MSPH, PhD is a Professor of Radiology, Medicine (Radiation Oncology), Physiology, Community and Family Medicine, Chemistry, and Engineering and the director of the Dartmouth Electron Paramagenetic Resonance (EPR) Center and the Dart-Dose CMCR. He is an internationally recognized biophysicist and radiation biologist who has especially been involved the development of magnetic resonance for preclinical and clinical applications. He has done research and teaching on the biological effects of ionizing radiation since 1962 at Walter Reed, Medical College of Wisconsin (MCW), University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC), and Dartmouth. The EPR Center at Dartmouth is especially focused on developing and applying in vivo EPR for measurements of physiologically and pathophysiological parameters in vivo. He has developed, at Dartmouth, the first clinical program in EPR, which has a special emphasis on using the technique to measure radiation dose after the fact for purposes of triage and to advance cancer treatment by using repetitive measurements of oxygen to optimize delivery of cancer therapy. He has founded and directed national EPR Centers at the Medical College of Wisconsin, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and at Dartmouth. He is the PI of one of the CMCR Centers, DART-DOSE CMCR, focusing on Physical Biodosimetry. The Center has recently been awarded a contract from BARDA to work collaboratively with General Electric to produce a FDA approvable tooth dosimeter suitable for distribution to the national strategic stockpile for use in the response to a radiation event involving large populations. He is the author/coauthor of approximately 450 papers and four books. He has received several international awards including the Zavoisky prize.

Education:

University of Chicago - 1951-1953
Loyola University of Chicago - 1953-1955
University of Illinois College of Medicine - 1955-1959, M.D.
Michael Reese Hospital, Rotating Internship - 1959-1960
University of North Carolina (Chapel Hill) - 1961-1962, M.S.P.H. (Radiation Biology)
Georgetown University Medical School, Department of Biochemistry - 1966-1969, Ph.D.

Military Service:

Army Medical Corps - 1961-1970

Professional License:

Wisconsin License 17279
Illinois License 003-036-037117-1

Board Certification

American Board of Nuclear Medicine, June, 1972

Faculty Appointments:

Professor of Community and Family Medicine, Dartmouth Medical School, Hanover, NH
Professor of Radiology, Dartmouth Medical School, Hanover, NH
Adjunct Professor of Engineering, Thayer School of Engineering, Hanover, NH
Adjunct Professor of Chemistry, Dartmouth College, Hanover NH
Professor of Physiology, Dartmouth Medical School, Hanover, NH
Professor of Medicine, College of Medicine, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (1980-1991)
Professor of Biophysics, School of Life Sciences, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (1980-1991)
Professor of Health & Safety Studies, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (1986-1991)
Affiliate Dept. of Nuclear Engineering, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (1980-1991)
Affiliate, Institute for Environmental Studies, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (1980-1991)
Member, Bioengineering Program, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (1988-1991)
Member, Nutritional Science Division, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (1988-1991)
Clinical Professor of Radiology, Medical College of Wisconsin (1980-1993)
Visiting Professor of Radiology, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine (1988-1989)
Visiting Professor of Biochemistry, University of Oxford (1989)
Professor of Radiology and Biochemistry, Medical College of Wisconsin (1974-1980)
Associate Professor of Radiology and Biochemistry, Medical College of Wisconsin (1970-1973)

Administrative Appointments:

Director, MD/PhD Program, Dartmouth Medical School (1992-1995)
Director, Educational Programs, Center for the Evaluative Clinical Sciences, Dartmouth Medical School (1992-1995)
Director of Research, Radiology, Dartmouth Medical School (1992-present)
Director, Medical Scholars Program, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (1984-1991)
Head, Program in Medical Humanities and Social Sciences, University of Illinois College of Medicine at Urbana-Champaign (1984-1990)
Associate Dean for Academic Affairs, University of Illinois College of Medicine at Urbana-Champaign (1980-1984)
Director, University of Illinois EPR Research Center (1985-1991)
Director, Radiation Biology and Biophysics, Medical College of Wisconsin (1970-1980)
Director, National Biomedical ESR Center, Medical College of Wisconsin (1975-1980)
Director, Independent Study Program, Medical College of Wisconsin (1974-1979)
Director, Biophysics Department, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research (1966-1969)
Director, Department of Biological Chemistry, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research (1970)

Professional Societies - Present and Past :

Radiation Research Society, Society of Nuclear Medicine, (New York Academy of Science), (Society of Cryobiology), Biophysics Society, (AMA), (Wisconsin State Medical Society), (Milwaukee County Medical Society), (Radiological Society of North America), (American Academy of Family Physicians), Society of Magn. Reson. Med.--[Secretary (1985-1990) and Member of Board of Trustees (1982-1990)], Pigment Cell Society, Society for Photobiology and Photochemistry, Oxygen Society, International EPR (ESR) Society--[President (1990-1993), Founder President (lifetime appointment)], International Society for Oxygen Transport to Tissue: executive committee 1996-; President-elect 1997-98; President 1998-99.

Honors:

The International Zavoisky Award (2005)
Fellow of International EPR (ESR) Society (2005)
Special Gold Medal as Founder of the International EPR Society (2005)
Fellow of International Society for Magnetic Resonance in Medicine (1997)
Silver Medal (Biomedicine) from International EPR Society (1994)
Silver Medal from the Society for Magnetic Resonance in Medicine (1993)

Publications:

1. D. Hightower and H. M. Swartz, "Measurement of Neutron Penetration by Tissue Activation" in Biological Effects of Neutron Irradiation, Intl. Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna, pp. 141-155 (1964).

2. H. M. Swartz, "Long-Lived Electron Spin Resonances in Rats Irradiated at Room Temperature," Radiation Res., 24:579-586 (1965).
3. H. M. Swartz and R. P. Molenda, "Electron Spin Resonance Spectra of Some Normal Tissues: Effect of Microwave Power," Science, 148:94-95 (1965).
4. H. M. Swartz, R. P. Molenda, and R. T. Lofberg, "Long-Lived Radiation-Induced Electron Spin Resonances in an Aqueous Biological System," Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun., 21:61-65 (1965).
5. H. M. Swartz and E. C. Richardson, "A Correlation Between Radiation-Induced Free Radicals and Survival in Micro-Organisms Exposed to β-Mercaptoethylamine Under Oxygen or Nitrogen," Intl. J. Rad. Biol., 12:75-88 (1967).
6. J. M. Brady, N. O. Aarestad, and H. M. Swartz, "In Vivo Dosimetry by Electron Spin Resonance Spectroscopy," Health Physics, 15:43-47 (1968).
7. H. M. Swartz, "Effect of Oxygen on Freezing Damage in E. coli," Ph.D. Thesis, Georgetown University (1969).
8. E. S. Copeland and H. M. Swartz, "Radical Formation in Cysteamine-HCl Gamma-Irradiated in the Dry State and in Frozen Aqueous Solution," Intl. J. Rad. Biol., 16:293-296 (1969).
9. R. J. Jandacek and H. M. Swartz, "The Conformation of Radioprotectant Compounds. The Crystal Structures of 2-Mercaptoethylamine Hydrochloride and 3-Mercapto-propylamine Hydrochloride," Radiat. Res. 44:523-530 (1970).
10. H. M. Swartz, E. C. Richardson, E. S. Copeland, R. T. Lofberg, and R. J. Jandacek, "Structure Function Studies of the Aminothiol Radio-Protectants," in Radiation Protection and Sensitization, W. L. Moroson and M. Quintiliani, (Eds.), Taylor and Francis, Ltd., London, pp. 121-131 (1970).
11. H. M. Swartz, "Effect of Oxygen in Freezing Damage, I. Effect on Survival of E. coli," Cryobiology, 6:546-551 (1970).
12. H. M. Swartz, "Clinical-Basic Science Paradox in Medicine," Pharos, 33:130-131 (1970).
13. M. C. Johnson, H. M. Swartz, and R. M. Donati, "Hematological Alterations Produced by Nitrous Oxide Radiation Res., 44:523-530 (1970).
14. H. M. Swartz, "Effect of Oxygen on Freezing Damage, II. Physical-Chemical Effects," Cryobiology, 8:255-264 (1971).
15. H. M. Swartz, "Effect of Oxygen on Freezing Damage, III. Modification by Beta-Mercaptoethylamine," Cryobiology, 8:543-549 (1971).
16. H. M. Swartz, E. S. Copeland, and E. C. Richardson, "Structure-Function Studies of the Aminothiol Radioprotectants, II. The Effect of Carbon Chain Length in Mercaptoethylamine Homologues," Radiation Res., 45:542-556 (1971).
17. H. M. Swartz, J. C. Darin, and J. D. Lewis, "ESR Studies of Tissue Viability" in Proc. Ist European Biophysics Congress, E. Broda, A. Locker, H. Springer-Lederer, (Eds.), pp. 557-561 (1971).
18. P. S. Fox, J. D. Lewis, H. M. Swartz, and J. C. Darin, "Electron Spin Resonance Spectrometry and the Determination of Organ Viability," Surgical Forum, 22:353-354 (1971).
19. H. M. Swartz, J. Bolton, and D. Borg, "Biological Applications of Electron Spin Resonance,"[Book] John Wiley & Sons, New York, (1972).
20. H. M. Swartz, "ESR Studies of Cells and Tissues," in Biological Applications of Electron Spin Resonance, H. M. Swartz, J. R. Bolton, and D. C. Borg, (Eds.), John Wiley & Sons, New York, pp. 155-195 (1972).
21. J. R. Bolton, D. C. Borg, and H. M. Swartz, "Experimental Aspects of Biological Spin Resonance Studies," in Biological Applications of Electron Spin Resonance, J. R. Bolton, D. C. Borg, and H. M. Swartz, (Eds.), John Wiley & Sons, New York, pp. 63-118 (1972).
22. H. M. Swartz, "Electron Spin Resonance Studies of Carcinogenesis," in Advances in Cancer Research, G. Klein and S. Weinhouse, (Eds.), Academic Press, New York, pp. 227-252 (1972).
23. H. M. Swartz and J. Weisner, "Radiation Effects on Plasma Electron Spin Resonance Spectra of Cancer Patients," Radiology, 104:209-210 (1972).
24. H. M. Swartz, S. Ambegaonkar, W. Antholine, W. Mailer, D. McNellis, and S. Schneller, "Electron Spin Resonance Spectra of Blood in Carcinogenesis," Intl. Union for Pure and Applied Biophy., Academy of Sciences of the USSR, Symposia Papers, Puschino, 14:209-223 (1973).
25. H. M. Swartz, "Use of Changes in Paramagnetic Metal Ions to Determine Cell Viability," Proc. 4th Intl. Biophysics Cong. (1972).
26. H. M. Swartz, "Toxic Oxygen Effects," Intl. Rev. Cytology, 35:321-343 (1973).
27. H. M. Swartz, S. Ambegaonkar, W. Antholine, M. Konieczny, and C. Mailer, "A Survey of Present and Potential Clinical Applications of Electron Spin Resonance," Ann. N.Y. Acad. Sci., 222:989-1009 (1973).
28. W. E. Antholine, A. G. Mauk, H. M. Swartz, and F. Taketa, "Electron Spin Resonance Spectra of Feline NO-Hemoglobins," FEBS Letts., 38:199-202 (1973).
29. H. M. Swartz, C. Mailer, S. Ambegaonkar, W. E. Antholine, D. R. McNellis, and S. J. Schneller, "Paramagnetic Changes During Development of Transplanted AKR/J Leukemia in Mice as Measured by Electron Spin Resonance," Canc. Res., 33:2588-2595 (1973).
30. C. Mailer, H. M. Swartz, M. Konieczny, S. Ambegaonkar, and V. L. Moore, "Identity of the Paramagnetic Element Found in Increased Concentrations in Plasma of Cancer Patients and Its Relationship to Other Pathological Processes," Canc. Res., 34:637-642 (1974).
31. H. M. Swartz, "Radiation Risks From Chest Examinations," JAMA, 228:696 (1974).
32. J. Kinzie, G. Walter, and H. M. Swartz, "Daily Portal Irradiation of Non-Anesthetized Rats: Experience with a New Device," Radiology, 113:734-737 (1974).
33. N. J. F. Dodd and H. M. Swartz, "Effects of Ionizing Radiation on Dried Spores of Osmunda Regalis III. 35 GHz ESR Study," Intl. J. Radiat. Biol., 27:205-210 (1975).
34. R. R. Varma, T. Sarna, and H. M. Swartz, "On the Nature of the Pigment in the Dubin-Johnson Syndrome (DJS)," Gastroenterology, 69:875 (1975).
35. T. Sarna, C. Mailer, J. S. Hyde, and H. M. Swartz, "Electron-Nuclear Double Resonance (ENDOR) in Melanins," Biophys. J., 16:1165-1170 (1976).
36. P. L. Gutierrez, T. Sarna, and H. M. Swartz, "Experimental Considerations in Biological ESR Studies, II. Chromium-Tissue Complexes Detected by Electron Spin Resonance," Phys. Med. Biol., 21:494-954 (1976).
37. T. Sarna, J. S. Hyde, and H. M. Swartz, "Ion Exchange in Melanin: An ESR Study with Lanthanide Probes," Science, 192:1132-1134 (1976).
38. W. E. Antholine, C. Mailer, B. Reichling, and H. M. Swartz, "Experimental Considerations in Biological ESR Studies, I. Identity and Origin of the Tissue Lipid Signal--A Copper-Dithiocarbamate Complex," Phys. Med. Biol., 21:840-846 (1976).
39. C. Mailer, T. Sarna, H. M. Swartz, and J. S. Hyde, "Quantitative Studies of Free Radicals in Biology: Corrections to ESR Saturation Data," J. Magn. Reson., 25:205-210 (1977).
40. H. M. Swartz and B. A. Reichling, "The Risks of Mammograms," JAMA, 237:965-966 (1977).
41. H. M. Swartz, "On Conservative Estimates of Radiation Hazards," Radiology, 126:267-268 (1978).
42. H. M. Swartz and P. L. Gutierrez, "Free Radical Increases in Cancer: Evidence That There is Not a Real Increase," Science, 198:936-938 (1977).
43. J. S. Soin, J. D. Cox, J. E. Youker, and H. M. Swartz, "Cardiac Localization of 99mTc (Sn)-Pyrophosphate Following Irradiation of the Chest," Radiology, 124:165-168 (1977).
44. H. M. Swartz and B. A. Reichling, "Hazards of Radiation Exposure of Pregnant Women," JAMA, 239:1907-1908 (1978).
45. W. E. Antholine, J. S. Hyde, and H. M. Swartz, "Use of Dy3+ as a Free Radical Relaxing Agent in Biological Tissues," J. Magn. Reson., 29:517-522 (1978).
46. H. M. Swartz, P. L. Gutierrez, and B. A. Reichling, "Electron Spin Resonance Studies of Liver" in Biochemical Mechanisms of Liver Injury, T. F. Slater, (Ed.), Academic Press, London, UK, pp. 293-317 (1978).
47. H. M. Swartz, "Application of Magnetic Resonance in Cancer--A Critical Summary," J. Magn. Reson., 29:393-396 (1978).
48. H. M. Swartz and B. A. Reichling, "The Safety of X-ray Examination (or Radioisotope Scan)," JAMA, 239:2031-2032 (1978).
49. H. M. Swartz, T. Sarna, and R. R. Varma, "On the Nature of the Hepatic Pigment in the Dubin-Johnson Syndrome, Evidence That It Is Not Melanin," Gastroenterology, 76:958-966 (1979).
50. T. Sarna and H. M. Swartz, "Identification and Characterization of Melanin in Tissue and Body Fluids," Folia Histochem. Cytochem., 16:275-286 (1978).
51. R. C. Sealy, H. M. Swartz, and P. L. Olive, "Electron Spin Resonance--Spin Trapping. Detection of Superoxide Formation During Aerobic Microsomal Reduction of Nitro-Compounds," Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun., 82:680-684 (1978).
52. J. S. Hyde, H. M. Swartz, and W. E. Antholine, "The Spin-Probe--Spin-Label Method" in Spin Labeling: Theory and Applications, Vol. II, L. J. Berliner, (Ed.), Academic Press, New York, pp. 71-113 (1979).
53. P. L. Gutierrez and H. M. Swartz, "Paramagnetic Changes in Cancer: Growth of Walker 256 Carcinoma Studied in Frozen and Lyophilized Tissues," Br. J. Cancer, 39:24-34 (1979).
54. H. M. Swartz, W. E. Antholine, and B. A. Reichling, "Paramagnetic Changes During Development of DMBA-Induced Mammary Tumors in Sprague-Dawley Rats," Phys. Med. Biol., 24:416-425 (1979).
55. P. L. Gutierrez, H. M. Swartz, and E. J. Wilkinson, "Paramagnetic Changes in Cancer: DMBA-Induced Mammary Tumors Studied in Non-Lyophilized and Lyophilized Tissues," Br. J. Cancer, 39:330-336 (1979).
56. H. M. Swartz, "Free Radicals in Cancer," in CIBA Symposium No. 67, Submolecular Biology and Cancer, pp. 107-124 (1979).
57. R. C. Sealy, C. C. Felix, J. S. Hyde, and H. M. Swartz, "Structure and Reactivity of Melanins: Influence of Free Radicals and Metals Ions," Free Radicals in Biology, 4:210-251 (1980).
58. T. Sarna, A. Duleba, W. Korytowski, and H. M. Swartz, "Interaction of Melanin with Oxygen," Arch. Biochem. Biophys., 200:140-148 (1980).
59. C. Lai, L. E. Hopwood, and H. M. Swartz, "Electron Spin Resonance Studies of Changes in Membrane Fluidity of Chinese Hamster Ovary Cells During the Cell Cycle," Biochim. Biophys. Acta, 602:117-126 (1980).
60. C. Lai, L. E. Hopwood, and H. M. Swartz, "ESR Studies of Membrane Fluidity of Chinese Hamster Ovary Cells Grown on Microcarriers and in Suspension," Exp. Cell Res., 130:437-442 (1980).
61. H. M. Swartz, "Electron Spin Resonance Studies of Cancer Using Complex Biological Systems," in Free Radicals and Cancer, R. A. Floyd, (Ed.), Marcel Dekker, Inc., New York, NY, pp. 81-115 (1982).
62. H. M. Swartz, B. Reichling, R. Stark, A. Been, and J. F. Wilson, "Modifications of Gastrointestinal Death in Mice Exposed to Whole and Partial Body Exposures of Low Dose Rate Irradiation," Am. J. Roentgenology, 131:1108 (1978).
63. H. M. Swartz and N. J. F. Dodd, "The Role of Ascorbic Acid on Radical Reactions In Vivo," in Oxygen and Oxy-Radicals in Chemistry and Biology, M. A. I. Rodgers and E. L. Powers, (Ed.), Academic Press, Orlando, Fla., pp. 161-168 (1981).
64. N. J. F. Dodd and H. M. Swartz, "ESR Signals of Lyophilized Tissue," Br. J. Cancer, 42: 349-351 (1980).
65. H. M. Swartz, "Electron Spin Resonance Studies of Cancer: A Status Report," in Free Radicals, Lipid Peroxidation and Cancer, David McBrien and Trevor Slater, (Eds.), Academic Press, Orlando, Fla., pp. 5-26 (1982).
66. H. M. Swartz and S. M. Swartz, "Biochemical and Biophysical Applications of Electron Spin Resonance," in Methods of Biochemical Analysis, David Glick, (Ed.), John Wiley & Sons, New York, pp. 207-323 (1983).
67. H. M. Swartz, "The Future Development and Role of Clinical Anthropology--The Perspectives of a Medical Educator," in Clinical Anthropology: A New Approach to American Health Problems?, Demitri Shimkin and Peggy Golde, (Eds.), University of Illinois: Urbana, IL, pp. 15-24 (1983).
68. R. C. Sealy, J. Hyde, C. C. Felix, I. A. Menon, G. Prota, and H. M. Swartz, "Novel Free Radicals in Synthetic and Natural Pheomelanins: Distinction Between Dopa Melanins and Cysteinyldopa Melanins by Electron Spin Resonance Spectroscopy," Proc. Nat. Acad. Sciences, 79:2885-2889 (1982).
69. H. M. Swartz, "In Vivo Electron Spin Resonance (ESR) Determinations" in Proceedings of Conference on Non-Invasive Studies of Body Chemistry, W. Wolf (Ed.) (1982).
70. H. M. Swartz, "Use of Electron Spin Resonance to Study Complex Biological Membranes," Proceedings from the NATO ASI on Physical Methods on Biological Membranes and Their Model Systems, F. Conti, W. E. Blumberg, J. deGier, and F. Pocchiari, (Eds.), Plenum Press, New York, NY, pp. 39-53 (1985).
71. P. D. Morse II and H. Swartz, "Measurement of Intracellular Oxygen Concentration Using the Spin Label TEMPOL," Magn. Reson. Med., 2:114-127 (1985).
72. M. J. Nilges, H. M. Swartz, and P. A. Riley, "Identification by Electron Spin Resonance of Free Radicals Formed During the Oxidation of 4-Hydroxyanisole Catalyzed by Tyrosinase," J. Biol. Chem., 259:2446-2451 (1984).
73. N. J. F. Dodd and H. M. Swartz, "The Nature of the ESR Signal in Lyophilized Tissue and Its Relevance to Malignancy," Br. J. Cancer, 49:65-71 (1984).
74. H. M. Swartz, "Electron Spin Resonance Studies of Cancer: Experimental Results and Conceptual Implications," in Free Radicals in Molecular Biology and Aging, D. Armstrong, R. Sohol, R. Cutler, and T. F. Slater, (Eds.), Raven Press, New York, NY, pp. 275-293 (1984).
75. L. Hopwood, H. M. Swartz, and S. Pajak, "Effect of Melanin on Radiation Response of CHO Cells," Intl. J. of Radiation Biology, 47:531-537 (1985).
76. M. J. Nilges and H. M. Swartz, "Quinone and Semiquinone Intermediates in the Reaction of 4-Hydroxyanisole and Tyrosinase," in Hydroxyanisole: Recent Advances in Melanoma Therapy, P. Riley, (Ed.), IRL Press of Oxford, pp. 26-33 (1984).
77. P. D. Morse II, R. L. Magin, and H. M. Swartz, "Improved Temperature Control for Samples in Electron Paramagnetic Resonance Spectroscopy," Rev. Scientific. Inst., 56:94-96 (1985).
78. H. M. Swartz, "Electron Spin Resonance and Medicine," in Resident and Staff Physician, Dec. 15, pp. 15-19 (1985).
79. H. M. Swartz, L. Paradisi, M. Nilges, P. Morse, and M. Dianzani, "Relation Between Physical State of Membrane and Lipid Peroxidation," Report to NFCR (1988).
80. H. M. Swartz, L. Paradisi, and H. Esterbauer, "Effect of 4-hydroxynonenal on the Motion of Spin Labels in Liver Microsomal Membranes in Association with Lipid Peroxidation," Report to NFCR (1989).
81. A. B. Flood, H. M. Swartz, K. Sharp, J. C. Bonello, and W. H. Forrest, Jr., "A Comparison Between Preoperative and Postoperative Diagnoses for Non malignant Biliary Tract Disease," working papers, Medical Humanities and Social Sciences Program, University of Illinois (1988).
82. H. M. Swartz, H. Bennett, R. D. Brown III, P. D. Morse II, M. Pals, and S. H. Koenig, "Feasibility of Measuring Oxygen and Redox Metabolism in vivo by NMR: Effect of Paramagnetic Materials and Their Cellular Metabolism on Relaxation Times of Protons of Water and Lipids," Periodic Biologorum, 87:175-183 (1985).
83. A. Tomasi, C. Benedetto, M. Nilges, T. F. Slater, H. M. Swartz, and M. C. R. Symons, "Studies on Human Uterine Cervix and Rat Uterus Using S-, X-, and Q-Band Electron Spin Resonance Spectroscopy," Biochem. J., 224:431-436 (1984).
84. E. M. Melhado, W. Feinberg, H. M. Swartz, (Eds.) (Book), "Money, Power, and Health Care," Health Administration Press, Ann Arbor, MI (1988).
85. H. M. Swartz, "Free Radicals and Clinical Disease," Soc. Magn. Reson. Med. Newsletter (1985).
86. H. M. Swartz, "Use of Electron Spin Resonance Spectroscopy to Study Cancer," in Magn. Reson. in Cancer, P. S. Allen, D. P. J. Boisvert, and B. C. Lentle, (Eds.), Pergamon Press, Oxford, U.K., pp. 169-177 (1986).
87. H. M. Swartz, K. Chen, M. Pals, M. Sentjurc, and P. D. Morse II, "Hypoxia Sensitive NMR Contrast Agents," Magn. Reson. Med., 3:169-174 (1986).
88. H. F. Bennett, R. D. Brown, III, S. H. Koenig, and H. M. Swartz, "Effects of Nitroxides on the Magnetic Field and Temperature Dependence of 1/T1 of Solvent Water Protons," Magn. Reson. Med., 4:93-111 (1987).
89. H. M. Swartz, K. Chen, and J. A. Roth, "Further Evidence that the Pigment in the Dubin-Johnson Syndrome is not Melanin," Pigment Cell Research, 1:69-75 (1987).
90. H. M. Swartz and A. B. Flood, "Generational Differences Among Physicians: Thirty Years of Change in Money, Power and Medical Practice," in Money, Power, and Health Care, E. Melhado, W. Feinberg, and H. M. Swartz, (Eds.), Health Administration Press, Ann Arbor, MI, pp. 263-313 (1988).
91. H. M. Swartz and M. A. Pals, "Measurement of Intracellular Oxygen," in Handbook of Biomedicine of Free Radicals and Antioxidants, J. Miquel, H. Weber, and A. Quintanilha, (Eds.), CRC Press Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 31:141-151 (1989).
92. M. Sentjurc, P. D. Morse, II, and H. M. Swartz, "Influence of Metabolic Inhibitors on the Nitroxide Reduction in the Cells," Periodic Biologicum, 88:202-203 (1986).
93. M. A. Pals and H. M. Swartz, "Oxygen Dependent Metabolism of Potential MR Contrast Agents," Investigative Radiology, 22:497-501 (1987).
94. H. F. Bennett, H. M. Swartz, R. D. Brown III, and S. H. Koenig, "Modification of Relaxation of Lipid Protons by Molecular Oxygen and Nitroxides," Investigative Radiology, 22:502-507 (1987).
95. H. M. Swartz, M. Sentjurc, and P. D. Morse II, "Cellular Metabolism of Water-Soluble Nitroxides: Effect on Rate of Reduction of Cell/Nitroxide Ratio, Oxygen Concentrations, and Permeability of Nitroxides," Biochim. Biophy. Acta, 888:82-90 (1986).
96. R. A. Magin, S. M. Wright, M. R. Niesman, H. C. Chan, and H. M. Swartz, "Liposome Delivery of NMR Contrast Agents for Improved Tissue Imaging," Magn. Reson. Med., 3:440-447 (1986).
97. H. M. Swartz, "Use of Nitroxides to Measure Redox Metabolism in Cells and Tissues," J. Chem. Soc., Faraday Trans. 1, 83:191-202 (1987).
98. M. J. Nilges, W. S. Enochs, and H. M. Swartz, "Identification and Characterization of a Tetracycline Semiquinone Formed During the Oxidation of Minocycline," J. Org. Chem., 56:5623-5630 (1991).
99. H. M. Swartz, "Interactions Between Cells and Nitroxides and Their Implications for Their Uses as Biophysical Probes and as Metabolically Responsive Contrast Agents for In Vivo NMR," Bull. Magn. Reson., 8:172-175 (1986).
100. F. Demsar, H. M. Swartz, M. Schara, "Use of Field Gradient EPR to Measure Diffusion of Nitroxides in Tissues," Magn. Reson. Med. Biol., 1:17-24 (1988).
101. G. Bacic, F. Demsar, Z. Zolnai, and H. M. Swartz, "Contrast Enhancement in ESR Imaging: Role of Oxygen," Magn. Reson. Med. Biol., 1:55-65 (1988).
102. F. Demsar, T. Walczak, P. Morse II, G. Bacic, Z. Zolnai, and H. M. Swartz, "Detection of Diffusion of Oxygen by Fast Scan EPR Imaging," J. Magn. Reson., 76:224-231 (1988).
104. H. M. Swartz, "Measurement of Pertinent Oxygen Concentrations in Biological Systems," Acta Biochim. Biophys. Hungarica, 22:277-293 (1987).
105. B. Pilas, T. Sarna, B. Kalyanaraman, and H. M. Swartz, "The Effect of Melanin on Iron Associated Decomposition of Hydrogen Peroxide," Free Radical Biology and Medicine, 4:285-293 (1988).
106. A. Tomasi, E. Albano, M. U. Dianzani, A. Iannone, T. F. Slater, H. M. Swartz, and V. Vannini, "Spin Trapping Studies on the Metabolic Activation of Carbon tetrachloride in Rat Liver Microsomes Incubated Under Steady-State Oxygen Pressures," in Free Radicals: Chemistry, Pathology and Medicine, C. Rice-Evens and T. Dormendy, (Eds.), Richilieu Press, London (G.B.), pp. 213-235 (1988).
107. H. M. Swartz, "The Relationship Between Height, Intellectual Development, Speed of Thought, Appropriate Compensation for Faculty, and Related Matters," Journal of Polymorphous Perversity, 5:12-14 (1988).
108. H. M. Swartz, "Metabolically Responsive Contrast Agents," in Advances in Magnetic Resonance Imaging, E. Feig, (Ed.), Ablex Publishing Company, Norwood, NJ, pp. 49-71 (1989).
109. A. Samuni, A. Samuni, and H. M. Swartz, "Evaluation of Dibromo Nitrosobenzene Sulfonate as a Spin Trap in Biological Systems," Free Rad. Biol. Med., 7:37-43 (1989).
110. A. Samuni, A. Samuni, and H. M. Swartz, "The Cellular-Induced Decay of DMPO Spin Adducts of ·OH and ·O2," Free Rad. Biol. Med., 6:179-183 (1989).
111. J. Glockner, H. M. Swartz, and M. Pals, "Oxygen Gradients in CHO Cells: Measurement and Characterization by Electron Spin Resonance," J. Cell. Physiol., 140:505-511 (1989).
113. G. Bacic, M. R. Neisman, H. F. Bennett, R. L. Magin and H. M. Swartz, "Modulation of Water Proton Relaxation Rates by Liposomes Containing Paramagnetic Materials," Magn. Reson. Med., 6:445-458 (1988).
114. W. S. Enochs, W. B. Hyslop, H. F. Bennett, R. D. Brown III, S. H. Koenig, and H. M. Swartz, "Sources of Longitudinal Relaxation Rates Observed in Melanotic Melanoma: An In Vitro Study of Synthetic Melanins," Investigative Radiology, 24:794-804 (1989).
115. K. Chen and H. M. Swartz, "Oxidation of Hydroxylamines to Nitroxide Spin Labels in Living Cells," Biochim. Biophys. Acta, 970:270-277 (1988).
116. H. C. Chan, R. L. Magin, and H. M. Swartz, "Delivery of Nitroxide Spin Labels to Cultured Cells by Liposomes," Magn. Reson. Med., 8:160-170 (1988).
117. G. Bacic, T. Walczak, F. Demsar, and H. M. Swartz, "Electron Spin Resonance Imaging of Tissues with Lipid-Rich Areas," Magn. Reson. Med., 8:209-219 (1988).
118. D. O. Nettleton, P. D. Morse II, J. W. Dobrucki, H. M. Swartz, and N. J. F. Dodd, "Distribution of 5-Doxylstearic Acid in the Membranes of Mammalian Cells," Biochim. Biophys. Acta, 944:315-320 (1988).
119. H. M. Swartz and A. B. Flood, "The Corntinental Theory of Flat and Depressed Areas: On the Relationship Between Corn and Topography," Journal of Irreproducible Results, 35:16-19 (1990).
120. K. Chen, P. D. Morse, II, and H. M. Swartz, "Kinetics of Enzyme-Mediated Reduction of Lipid Soluble Nitroxide Spin Labels by Living Cells," Biochim. Biophys. Acta, 943:477-484 (1988).
121. A. Tomasi, E. Albano, A. C. Iannone, H. M. Swartz, and V. Vannini, "Reduction Mechanism of the Spin Probe Tempol in Liver Microsomes," in Medical, Biomedical and Chemical Aspects of Free Radicals, O. Hayaishi, E. Niki, M. Kondo, T. Yoshikawa, (Eds.), Elsevier Science Publishers, B. V., The Netherlands, pp. 821-824 (1988).
122. M. Sentjurc, G. Bacic, and H. M. Swartz, "Reduction of Doxyl Stearates by Ascorbate in Unilamellar Liposomes," Arch. Biochem. Biophys., 282:207-213 (1990).
123. H. C. Chan, R. L. Magin, and H. M. Swartz, "Rapid Assessment of Liposomal Stability in Blood by an Aqueous Nitroxide Spin Label," Biochem. Biophys. Methods, 18:271-276 (1989).
124. K. Chen, J. F. Glockner, P. D. Morse II, and H. M. Swartz, "Effects of Oxygen on the Metabolism of Nitroxide Spin Labels in Cells," Biochemistry, 28:2496-2501 (1989).
125. G. Bacic, M. J. Nilges, R. L. Magin, T. Walczak, and H. M. Swartz, "In Vivo Localized ESR Spectroscopy Reflecting Metabolism," Magn. Reson. Med., 10:266-272 (1989).
126. R. K. Woods, G. Bacic, P. C. Lauterbur, and H. M. Swartz. "Three Dimensional Electron Spin Resonance Imaging," J. Magn. Reson., 84:247-254 (1989).
127. G. Bacic, M. R. Niesman, R. L. Magin, and H. M. Swartz, "NMR and ESR Study of Liposome Delivery of Mn2+ to Murine Liver," Magn. Reson. Med., 13:44-61 (1990).
128. A. Iannone, H. Hu, A. Tomasi, V. Vannini, and H. M. Swartz, "Metabolism of Aqueous Soluble Nitroxides in Hepatocytes: Effects of Cell Integrity, Oxygen and Structure of Nitroxides," Biochim. Biophys. Acta, 991:90-96 (1989).
129. K. Strzalka, T. Walczak, T. Sarna, and H. M. Swartz, "Measurement of Time-Resolved Oxygen Concentration Changes in Photosynthetic Systems by Nitroxide-Based EPR Oximetry," Arch. of Biochem. Biophys., 281:312-318 (1990).
130. H. F. Bennett, R. D. Brown, III, J. F. W. Keana, S. H. Koenig, and H. M. Swartz, "Interactions of Nitroxides with Plasma and Blood: Effect on 1/T1 of Water Protons," Magn. Reson. Med., 14:40-55 (1990).
131. H. Hu, G. Sosnovsky, S. W. Li, N. U. M. Rao, P. D. Morse II, and H. M. Swartz, "Development of Nitroxides for Selective Localization Inside Cells," Biochim. Biophys. Acta, 1014:211-218 (1989).
132. M. Sentjurc, S. Pecar, K. Chen, M. Wu, and H. M. Swartz, "Cellular Metabolism of Proxyl Nitroxides and Hydroxylamines," Biochim. Biophy. Acta, 1073:329-335 (1991).
133. J. W. Dobrucki, F. Demsar, T. Walczak, R. K. Woods, G. Bacic, and H. M. Swartz, "Electron Spin Resonance Microscopy of an In Vitro Tumor Model," Br. J. Cancer, 61:221-224 (1990).
134. G. Bacic, J. C. Alameda, A. Iannone, R. L. Magin, and H. M. Swartz, "NMR Study of Water Exchange Across the Hepatocyte Membrane," Magn. Reson. Imag., 7:411-416 (1989).
135. A. Iannone, A. Bini, H. M. Swartz, A. Tomasi, and V. Vannini, "Metabolism in Rat Liver Microsomes of the Nitroxide Spin Probe, Tempol," Biochem. Pharmacology, 38:2581-2586 (1989).
136. R. L. Magin, G. Bacic, M. R. Niesman, J. C. Alameda Jr., S. M. Wright, and H. M. Swartz, "Dextran Magnetite as a Liver Contrast Agent," Magn. Reson. Med., 20:1-16 (1991).
137. D. O. Nettleton, P. D. Morse, II, and H. M. Swartz, "Exchange and Shuttling of Electrons by Nitroxide Spin Labels," Arch. Biochem. Biophys., 271:414-423 (1989).
138. G. Sosnovsky, N. U. M. Rao, S. W. Li and H. M. Swartz, "Synthesis of Nitroxyl (Aminoxyl) Labeled Probes for Studies of Intracellular Environment by EPR and MRI," J. Org. Chem., 54:3667-3674 (1989).
139. A. Iannone, R. L. Magin, T. Walczak, M. Federico, H. M. Swartz, A. Tomasi, and V. Vannini, "Blood Clearance of Dextran Magnetite Particles Determined by a Non-Invasive In Vivo ESR Method," Magn. Reson. Med., 22:435-442 (1991).
140. K. Chen and H. M. Swartz, "The Products of the Reduction of Doxyl Stearates in Cells are Hydroxylamines as Shown by Oxidation by 15N-Perdeuterated Tempone," Biochim. Biophys. Acta, 992:131-133 (1989).
141. G. Bacic, M. J. Nilges, T. Walczak, and H. M. Swartz, "The Use of In Vivo EPR to Follow the Pharmacokinetics of Drugs," Phys. Med., 5:307-313 (1989).
142. M. Federico, R. L. Magin, H. M. Swartz, R. M. Wright, and V. Silingardi, "Detection of Bone Marrow Involvement in Patients with Cancer: What Role for MRI?," Tumori, 75:90-96 (1988).
143. P. D. Morse, II, E. K. Ruuge, M. J. Petro, and H. M. Swartz, "Analysis of the Reduction of Nitroxides by Flavin Mononucleotide," Biochim. Biophys. Acta, 1034:298-302 (1990).
144. S. Morris, H. M. Swartz, G. Sosnovsky, N. U. M. Rao, B. Hui, and C. O. Huber, "Chemical and Electrochemical Reduction Rates of Cyclic Nitroxides (Nitroxyls)," J. Pharm. Sciences, 80:149-152 (1991).
145. R. K. Woods, J. W. Dobrucki, J. Glockner, P. D. Morse, II, and H. M. Swartz, "Spectral-Spatial ESR Imaging as a Method of Noninvasive Biological Oximetry," J. Magn. Reson., 85:50-59 (1989).
146. J. D. Dobrucki, R. M. Sutherland, and H. M. Swartz, "Nonperturbing Test for Cytotoxicity in Isolated Cells and Spheroids Using Electron Paramagnetic Resonance," Magn. Reson. Med., 19:42-55 (1991).
147. H. C. Chan, K. Sun, R. L. Magin, and H. M. Swartz, "Potential of Albumin Labeled with Nitroxides as a Contrast Agent for MRI and MRS," Bioconjugate Chemistry, 1:32-36 (1990).
148. M. Sentjurc, D. V. Apte, L. MacAllister, and H. M. Swartz, "Reduction of Nitroxides in Whole Blood, Erythrocytes, and Plasma," Current Topics in Biophysics, 18:81-91 (1994).
149. H. C. Chan, J. Glockner, and H. M. Swartz, "Oximetry in Cells and Tissues Using a Nitroxide-Liposome System," Biochim. Biophys. Acta, 1014:141-144 (1989).
150. H. M. Swartz and J. F. Glockner, "Measurements of the Concentration of Oxygen in Biological Systems Using EPR Techniques," Advanced EPR in Biology and Biochemistry, A. J. Hoff, (Ed.), Elsevier Science Publishers, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, pp. 753-782 (1989).
151. M. J. Nilges, T. Walczak, and H. M. Swartz, "1 GHz In Vivo ESR Spectrometer Operating with a Surface Probe," Phys. Med., 5:195-201 (1989).
152. A. Iannone, A. Tomasi, V. Vannini, and H. M. Swartz, "Metabolism of Nitroxide Spin Labels in Subcellular Fractions of Rat Liver, I. Reduction by Microsomes," Biochim. Biophys. Acta, 1034:285-289 (1990).
153. M. R. Niesman, G. Bacic, S. M. Wright, H. M. Swartz, and R. L. Magin, "Liposome Encapsulated MnCl2 as a Liver Specific Contrast Agent for Magnetic Resonance Imaging," Invest. Radiol., 25:545-551 (1990).
154. H. M. Swartz and J. F. Glockner, "Measurement of Oxygen By ESRI and ESRS," EPR Imaging and In Vivo EPR, G. R. Eaton, S. S. Eaton, and K. Ohno, (Eds.), CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, pp. 261-290 (1991).
155. H. M. Swartz, "Principles of the Metabolism of Nitroxides and Their Implications for Spin Trapping," Free Rad. Res. Comms., 9:399-405 (1990).
156. A. Iannone, A. Tomasi, V. Vannini, and H. M. Swartz, "Metabolism of Nitroxide Spin Labels in Subcellular Fractions of Rat Liver. II. Reduction in the Cytosol," Biochim. Biophys. Acta, 1034:290-293 (1990).
157. H. M. Swartz and J. F. Glockner, "The Use of ESR to Measure Oxygen in Extended Biological Samples," Phys. Med., 5:109-119 (1989).
158. R. K. Woods, W. B. Hyslop, and H. M. Swartz, "Mapping Oxygen Concentrations with 4D Electron Spin Resonance Spectral-Spatial Imaging," Phys. Med., 5:121-137 (1989).
159. T. Sarna and H. M. Swartz, "Interactions of Melanin with Oxygen (and Related Species)," in Atmospheric Oxidation and Antioxidants, G. Scott, (Ed.), Elsevier Science Publishers, Amsterdam, Vol. III, Chapter 5, pp. 129-169 (1993).
160. K. Chen, N. W. Lutz, J. P. Wehrle, J. D. Glickson, and H. M. Swartz. "Selective Suppression of Lipid Resonances by Lipid-Soluble Nitroxides in NMR Spectroscopy," Magn. Reson. Med., 25:120-127 (1992).
161. J. C. Chato, H. M. Swartz, and J. E. Robles. "Thermal Tomography Using Electron Spin Resonance (ESR) Techniques," in Bioheattransfer--Applications in Hyperthermia, Emerging Horizons in Instrumentation and Modeling, R. B. Romer, J. J. McGrath, and H. F. Bowman, (Eds.), ASME, New York, NY, HTD, 12:121-128 (1989).
162. H. M. Swartz, "The Use of Nitroxides in Viable Biological Systems: An Opportunity and Challenge for Chemists and Biochemists," Pure & Appl. Chem., 62:235-239 (1990).
163. H. M. Swartz, S. Boyer, P. Gast, J. F. Glockner, H. Hu, K. J. Liu, M. Moussavi, S. W. Norby, T. Walczak, N. Vahidi, M. Wu, and R. B. Clarkson, "Measurements of Pertinent Concentrations of Oxygen In Vivo," Magn. Reson. Med., 20:333-339 (1991).
164. T. Walczak, H. Gabrys, and H. M. Swartz, "Blue Light Photoreception in Higher Plants Studied with ESR Spectrometry," J. Plant Physiol., 137:662-668 (1991).
165. H. M. Swartz and D. L. Gottheil, "The Need to Educate Physician-Scholars for Leadership in the Health Care System," Ann. Int. Med., 114:333-334 (1991).
166. J. F. Glockner, H. C. Chan, and H. M. Swartz, "In Vivo Oximetry Using a Nitroxide-Liposome System," Magn. Reson. Med., 20:123-133 (1991).
167. H. M. Swartz, P. Gast, J. Glockner, H. Hu, L. L. Ji, K. J. Liu, M. Nilges, S. W. Norby, N. Vahidi, T. Walczak, M. Wu, and R. B. Clarkson, "The Importance of Measuring the Concentration of Oxygen Appropriately and How This Might Be Done," in Oxidative Damage & Repair: Clinical, Biological and Medical Aspects, K.J.A. Davies, (Ed.), Pergamon Press Inc., Oxford, U.K., pp. 415-420 (1991).
168. L. M. Weiner, H. Hu, and H. M. Swartz, "Development of EPR Method for Measurement of Cellular Sulfhydryl Groups," FEBS, 290:243-246 (1991).
169. H. M. Swartz, K. Chen, H. Hu, and K. Hideg, "Contrast Agents for Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy: A Method to Obtain Increased Information in In Vivo and In Vitro Spectroscopy," Magn. Reson. Med., 22:372-377 (1991).
170. J. F. Glockner and H. M. Swartz, "In Vivo EPR Oximetry Using Two Novel Probes: Fusinite and Lithium Phthalocyanine," in Oxygen Transport to Tissue XIV, W. Erdmann and D. F. Bruley, (Eds.), Plenum Publishing Corp., New York, pp 229-234 (1992).
171. H. Hu, G. Sosnovsky, and H. M. Swartz, "Simultaneous Measurement of Intra- and Extra-Cellular [O2] in Viable Cells," Biochim. Biophys. Acta, 112:161-166 (1992).
172. J. F. Glockner, S. W. Norby, and H. M. Swartz, "Simultaneous Measurement of Intracellular and Extracellular Oxygen Concentrations Using a Nitroxide-Liposome System," Magn. Reson. Med., 29:12-18 (1992).
173. K. Chen, C. E. Ng, J. L. Zweier, P. Kuppusamy, J. D. Glickson, and H. M. Swartz, "Measurement of the Intracellular Concentration of Oxygen in a Cell Perfusion System," Magn. Reson. Med., 31:668-672 (1994).
174. H. M. Swartz, S. Boyer, D. Brown, K. Chang, P. Gast, J. F. Glockner, H. Hu, K. J. Liu, M. Moussavi, M. Nilges, S. W. Norby, A. Smirnov, N. Vahidi, T. Walczak, M. Wu, and R. B. Clarkson, "The Use of EPR for the Measurement of the Concentration of Oxygen In Vivo In Tissues Under Physiologically Pertinent Conditions and Concentrations," in Oxygen Transport to Tissue XIV, W. Erdmann and D. F. Bruley, (eds.), Plenum Press, New York, pp 221-228 (1992).
175. T. Nakashima, J. Jiang, F. Goda, T. Shima, and H. M. Swartz, "The Measurement of pO2 In Mouse Liver In Vivo By EPR Oximetry Using India Ink," Magn. Reson. Med. (Japan), 6:158-160 (1995).
176. K. J. Liu, P. Gast, M. Moussavi, S.W. Norby, N. Vahidi, T. Walczak, M. Wu, and H. M. Swartz, "Lithium Phthalocyanine: A Probe for EPR Oximetry in Viable Biological Systems," Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci., 90:5438-5442 (1993).
177. N. Vahidi, R. B. Clarkson, K. J. Liu, S. W. Norby, M. Wu, and H. M. Swartz, "In Vivo and In Vitro EPR Oximetry with Fusinite: A New Coal-Derived, Particulate EPR Probe," Magn. Reson. Med., 31:139-146 (1994).
178. H. M. Swartz, T. Sarna, and L. Zecca, "Modulation by Neuromelanin of the Availability and Reactivity of Metal Ions," Annals of Neurology, 32:S69-S75 (1992).
179. W. S. Enochs, M. J. Nilges, and H. M. Swartz, "A Standardized Test for the Identification and Characterization of Melanins Using Electron Paramagnetic Resonance (EPR) Spectroscopy," Pigment Cell Biology, 6:91-99 (1993).
180. W. S. Enochs, T. Sarna, L. Zecca, P. A. Riley, and H. M. Swartz, "The Roles of Neuromelanin, Binding of Metal Ions, and Oxidative Cytotoxicity in the Pathogenesis of Parkinson's Disease: A Hypothesis," J. Neural Transm. (P-D Sect.), 7:83-100 (1994)
181. H. M. Swartz and T. Walczak, "In Vivo EPR: Prospects for the '90's," Phys. Med., 9:41-48 (1993).
182. L. L. Ji, R. G. Fu, E. W. Mitchell, M. Griffiths, T. G. Waldrop, and H. M. Swartz, "Cardiac Hypertrophy Alters Myocardial Response to Ischemia and Reperfusion In Vivo," Acta Physiol. Scand., 151:279-290 (1994).
183. A. Ligeza, H. M. Swartz, W. K. Subczynski, "Spin-Label Oximetry in Dense Cell Suspensions: Problems in Closed and Open-Chamber Methods," Current Topics in Biophy., 18:29-38 (1994).
184. L. L. Ji, R. G. Fu, T. G. Waldrop, K. J. Liu, and H. M. Swartz, "Myocardial Response to Regional Ischemia and Reperfusion In Vivo in Rat Heart," Can. J. Physiol. Pharmacol., 71:811-817 (1993).
185. L. Zecca and H. M. Swartz, "Total and Paramagnetic Metals in Human Substantia Nigra and Its Neuromelanin," J. Neural Transmission, 5:203-213 (1993).
186. W. S. Enochs, M. J. Nilges, and H. M. Swartz, "Purified Human Neuromelanin, Synthetic Dopamine Melanin as a Potential Model Pigment, and the Normal Human Substantia Nigra: Characterization by Electron Paramagnetic Resonance Spectroscopy," J. Neurochem., 61:68-79 (1993).
187. J. J. Eckburg, J. C. Chato, K. J. Liu, M. W. Grinstaff, K. S. Suslick, and H. M. Swartz, "Biological Temperature Measurements Using Electron Paramagnetic Resonance (EPR) Spectroscopy," Advances in Biological Heat and Mass Transfer, HTD-Vol. 231, ASME 47-55 (1992).
188. A. I. Smirnov, S. W. Norby, T. Walczak, K. J. Liu, and H. M. Swartz, "Physical and Instrumental Considerations in the Use of Lithium Phthalocyanine for Measurements of the Concentration of Oxygen," J. Magn. Reson., 103:95-102 (1994).
189. A. I. Smirnov, S. W. Norby, R. B. Clarkson, T. Walczak, and H. M. Swartz, "Simultaneous Multi-Site EPR Spectroscopy In Vivo," Magn. Reson. Med., 30:213-220 (1993).
190. H. M. Swartz and D. L. Gottheil, (Book) "The Education of Physician-Scholars," Betz Publishing Co. Rockville, MD. (1993).
191. L. S. Liu, R. L. Zheng, H. M. Swartz, Z. Y. Zhang, and L. L. Wei, "DNA Synthesis Inhibition of Nitroxide Radicals on Leukemia Cells," Science in China, 34:1063-1069 (1991).
192. W. S. Enochs, M. J. Nilges, and H. M. Swartz, "The Minocycline-Induced Thyroid Pigment and Several Synthetic Models: Identification and Characterization by Electron Paramagnetic Resonance (EPR) Spectroscopy," J. Pharm. Exp. Therapy., 226:1164-76 (1993).
194. M. Wu and H. M. Swartz, "Evaluation of the Potential Cytotoxicity of Paramagnetic Materials Used in Measurements of the Concentration of Oxygen," Current Topics in Biophysics, 18:74-80 (1994).
195. H. M. Swartz, "Measurements of Intracellular Concentrations of Oxygen: "Experimental Results and Conceptual Implications of an Observed Gradient Between Intracellular and Extracellular Concentrations of Oxygen," Adv. Exp. Med. Biol., 345: 799-806 (1994).
196. N. Yumita, R. Nishigaki, K. Umemura, P. D. Morse, H. M. Swartz, C. A. Cain, and S. Umemura, "Sonochemical Activation of Hematoporhyrin: An ESR Study," Radiation Research, 138:171-176 (1994).
197. G. Bacic, K. J. Liu, J. A. O'Hara, R. D. Harris, K. Szybinski, F. Goda, and H. M. Swartz, "Oxygen Tension In A Murine Tumor: A Combined EPR And MRI Study," Magn. Reson. Med., 30:568-572 (1993).
198. T. Suzuki-Nishimura and H. M. Swartz, "Characterization of Redox Activity in Resting and Activated Mast Cells by Reduction and Reoxidation of Lipophilic Nitroxides," Gen. Pharmac., 31:617-623 (1998).
199. T. Suzuki-Nishimura and H. M. Swartz, "Reduction of Lipid-Soluble Nitroxides in CHO Cells and Macrophage Tumor Cells," Free Rad. Biol. Med., 17:473-479 (1994).
200. H. M. Swartz, K. J. Liu, F. Goda, and T. Walczak, "India Ink: A Potential Clinically Applicable EPR Oximetry Probe," Magn. Reson. Med., 31:229-232 (1994).
201. P. E. James, S. K. Jackson, O. Grinberg, and H. M. Swartz, "The Effects of Endotoxin on Oxygen Consumption of Various Cell Types In Vitro: An EPR Oximetry Study," Free Rad. Biol. Med., 18:641-647 (1995).
202. D. L. Gottheil and H. M. Swartz, "The 1989 Symposium on the Education of Physician-Scholars for Leadership in the Health Care System: A Look Back and a Look Forward," The Advisor, 13:12-16 (1993).
203. H. M. Swartz, "The Concentration of Oxygen is Too Important of a Variable to be Ignored in Experiments Studying Oxidative Damage!," in The Oxygen Paradox, Cleup University Press, K.J.A. Davies, F. Ursini, Ed., 105-122 (1995).
204. B.J. Friedman, O.Y. Grinberg, K. Isaacs, E.K. Ruuge, and H.M. Swartz, "Effect of Repetitive Ischemia on Local Myocardial Oxygen Tension in Isolated Perfused and Hypoperfused Rat Hearts," Magn. Reson. Med., 35:214-220 (1996).
205. F. Goda, G. Bacic, J.A. O'Hara, B. Gallez, H.M. Swartz, and J.F. Dunn, "The Relationship between pO2 and Perfusion in Two Murine Tumors After X-ray Irradiation: A Combined Gd-DTPA Dynamic MRI and In Vivo EPR Oximetry Study," Cancer Research 56:3344-3349 (1996).
206. J. J. Eckburg, J. C. Chato, K. J. Liu, M. W. Grinstaff, H. M. Swartz, K. S. Suslick, and F. P. Auteri, "The Measurement of Temperature with Electron Paramagnetic Resonance Spectroscopy," Trans. ASME, J. Biomechanical Engineering, 118:193-200 (1996).
207. H. M. Swartz, G. Bacic, B. Friedman, F. Goda, O. Y. Grinberg, P. J. Hoopes, J. Jiang, K. J. Liu, T. Nakashima, J. O'Hara, and T. Walczak, "Measurement of pO2 In Vivo, Including Human Subjects by Electron Paramagnetic Resonance," Adv. Exp. Med. Biol. 361:119-128 (1995).
208. B.J. Friedman, O.Y. Grinberg, S.A. Grinberg, and H.M. Swartz, "Myocardial Oxygen Tension in Isolated Erythrocyte-Perfused Rat Hearts and Comparison with Crystalloid Media," J. Mol. Cell Cardiol. 29:2855-2858 (1997).
209. K. Mader, H. M. Swartz, R. Stösser, and H. H. Borchert, "The Application of EPR Spectroscopy in the Field of Pharmacy," Pharmazie, 49:97-101 (1994).
210. H. M. Swartz, "Workshop Report Biophysics of Melanin and Informal Group on the Characterization of Neuromelanin, "Pigment Cell Research, 7:244 (1994).
211. B. J. Friedman, O. Y. Grinberg, K. Isaacs, T. M. Walczak, and H. M. Swartz, "Myocardial Oxygen Tension and Relative Capillary Density in Isolated Perfused Rat Hearts," J. Mol. Cell. Cardiol., 27: 2551-2558 (1995).
212. H. M. Swartz and G. Bacic, "EPR and In Vivo EPR: Roles for Experimental and Clinical NMR Studies," Encyclopedia of NMR (D.M. Grant and R.K. Harris, Eds.), John Wiley & Sons, NY, pp 1928-1938 (1998).
213. J. Jiang, K. J. Liu, T. M. Walczak, and H. M. Swartz, "An Analysis of the Effects of Eddy Currents on L-Band EPR Spectra," J. Magn. Reson., 106:220-226 (1995).
214. K.J. Liu, X. Shi, J. Jiang, F. Goda, N. Dalal, and H.M. Swartz, "Low Frequency Electron Paramagnetic Resonance Investigation on Metabolism of Chromium (VI) by Whole Live Mice," Annals of Clin. and Lab. Sci. 26:176-184 (1996).
215. H. M. Swartz, and K. Mader, "Free Radicals In Aging: Theories, Facts, And Artifacts," Dahlem Konferenzen, Molecular Aspects of Aging 7:77-97 (1995).
216. H.M. Swartz and H. Halpern, "EPR Studies of Living Animals and Related Model Systems (In Vivo EPR)" in Spin Labeling: The Next Millenium, L.J. Berliner (Ed.), Plenum Publishing, New York, NY, pp 367-404 (1998).
217. T. M. Shima, T. Sarna, L. Zecca, and H. M. Swartz, "Interaction in Situ of Neuromelanin with Paramagnetic Metals in Substantia Nigra: An EPR study," Magn. Reson. Med. (Japan) 6:353-358, 1995.
219. T. M. Shima, T. Sarna, H.M. Swartz, A. Stroppolo, R. Gerbasi, and L. Zecca, "The Binding of Iron to Neuromelanin of Human Substantia Nigra and Synthetic Melanin: An Electron Resonance Spectroscopy Study," Free Rad. Biol. Med. 23:110-119 (1997).
220. K. Liu, M. W. Grinstaff, J. Jiang, K. S. Suslick, H. M. Swartz, and W. Wang, "In Vivo Measurement of Oxygen Concentration Using Sonochemically Synthesized Microspheres," Biophys. J., 67:896-901 (1994).
221. L. Zecca, T. Shima, A. Stroppolo, C. Goj, G. Battiston, R. Gerbasi, T. Sarna, and H. M. Swartz, "Interaction of Neuromelanin and Iron in Substantia Nigra and Other Areas of Human Brain," Neuroscience, 2:407-415 (1996).
223. F. Goda, K. J. Liu, T. Walczak, J. A. O'Hara, J. Jiang, and H. M. Swartz, "In Vivo EPR Oximetry Using EPR and India Ink," Magn. Reson. Med., 33:237-245 (1995).
224. K. J. Liu, J. Jiang, H.M. Swartz, and X. Shi, "Low Frequency EPR Investigation on Chromium (VI) Reduction in Whole Mice," Arch. Biochem. Biophys, 313:248-252 (1994).
225. T. Nakashima, F. Goda, J. Jiang, T. Shima, and H. M. Swartz, "Use of EPR Oximetry with India Ink to Measure the pO2 in the Liver In Vivo in Mice," Magn. Reson. Med., 34:888-892 (1995).
226. N. Kocherginsky and H. M. Swartz, "Nitroxide Spin Labels, Reactions in Biology and Chemistry," CRC Press (Book), (1995).
227. J. Jiang, K.J. Liu, L. Ji, and H.M. Swartz, "An Observation of Artifacts in EPR Spin Trapping: Free Radicals Produced by the Polytron," EPR Newsletter, 7:19-20, Fall (1995).
228. P. E. James, O. Y. Grinberg, G. Michaels, and H. M. Swartz, "Intraphagosomal Oxygen in Stimulated Macrophages," J. Cell. Physiol., 163:241-247 (1995).
229. P. E. James, G. Bacic, O.Y. Grinberg, F. Goda, J. Dunn, S.K. Jackson, and H.M. Swartz, "Endotoxin Induced Changes in Intrarenal pO2 Measured by In Vivo Electron Paramagnetic Resonance Oximetry and Magnetic Resonance Imaging," Free Rad. Biol. Med., 21:25-34 (1996).
230. K. J. Liu, J. Jiang, L. L. Ji, X. Shi, and H. M. Swartz, "An HPLC and EPR Investigation on the Stability of DMPO and DMPO Spin Adducts In Vivo," Res. Chem. Intermed. 22:499-509 (1996).
231. J. Jiang, K. J. Liu, X. Shi, and H. M. Swartz, "Detection of Short-Lived Free Radicals by Low Frequency ESR Spin Trapping in Whole Living Animals: Evidence of Sulfur Trioxide Anion Free Radical Generation in vivo," Arch. Biochem. Biophys., 319:570-573 (1995).
232. K. J. Liu, G. Bacic, P. J. Hoopes, J. Jiang, H. Du, L. Ou, J. F. Dunn, and H. M. Swartz, "Assessment of Cerebral pO2 by EPR Oximetry in Rodents: Effects of Anesthesia, Ischemia, and Breathing Gas," Brain. Res., 685:91-98 (1995).
233. H. M. Swartz, "EPR Studies of Cells and Tissue," in Foundations of Modern EPR (Book), World Scientific Publishing, Singapore/New Jersey/London. S. Eaton, G. Eaton, and K. Salikhov (Eds.), pp 451-458 (1998).
234. H.M. Swartz and L.J. Berliner, "In Vivo EPR," in Foundations of Modern EPR (Book), World Scientific Publishing, Singapore/New Jersey/London. S. Eaton, G. Eaton and K. Salikhov (Eds), pp 361-378 (1998).
235. B. Gallez, G. Bacic, J. Dunn, F. Goda, J. Jiang, J. A. O'Hara, and H. M. Swartz, "Use of Nitroxides for Assessing Perfusion, Oxygenation, and Viability of Tissues: In Vivo EPR and MRI Studies." Magn. Reson. Med., 35:97-106 (1996).
236. J. F. Dunn, S. Ding, J. A. O'Hara, K. J. Liu, E. Rhodes, J. B. Weaver, and H. M. Swartz, "The Apparent Diffusion Constant Measured by MRI Correlates With pO2 in a RIF-1 Tumor, " Magn. Reson. Med., 34:515-519 (1995).
237. N. M. Kocherginsky, J. K. Liu, H. M. Swartz, "Thermo-Induced Phase Transitions and Regulation of Permeability of Biomimetic Membranes," Biofunctional Membranes, D. Allan Butterfield (Ed.), Plenum Press, N.Y., pages 163-171 (1996).
238. H. M. Swartz, G. Bacic, B. Gallez, F. Goda, P. James, J. Jiang, K. J. Liu, K. Mader, T. Nakashima, J. O'Hara, T. Shima, and T. Walczak, "In Vivo EPR Spectroscopy," in Bioradicals Detected by ESR Spectroscopy, Birkhauser Verlag, publishers, H. Ohya-Nishiguchi & L. Packers (Eds.), Birkhauser Verlag Basel/Switzerland, 285-299 (1995).
239. K. Mader, G. Bacic, and H. M. Swartz, "In Vivo Detection of Anthralin-Derived Free Radicals in the Skin of Hairless Mice by Low-Frequency Electron Paramagnetic Resonance Spectroscopy, " J. Invest. Derm., 104:514-517 (1995).
240. K. Mader, B. Gallez, K. J. Liu, and H. M. Swartz, "Noninvasive In Vivo Characterization of Release Processes in Biodegradable Polymers by Low Frequency Electron Paramagnetic Resonance Spectroscopy," Biomaterials, 17:457-461 (1996).
241. K. J. Liu, X. Shi, J. Jiang, F. Goda, N. Dalal, and H. M. Swartz, "Chromate-induced Chromium (V) Formation in Live Mice and Its Control by Cellular Antioxidants: An L-band EPR Study," Arch. Biochem. Biophys., 323:33-39 (1995).
242. K. J. Liu, J. Jiang, X. Shi, H. Gabrys, T. Walczak, and H. M. Swartz, "Low Frequency EPR Study of Chromium (V) Formation from Chromium (VI) in Living Plants," Biochem. Biophys. Res. Comm., 206:829-834 (1995).
243. J. Jiang, T. Nakashima, T. Shima, K. J. Liu, F. Goda, and H. M. Swartz, "Measurement of pO2 in Liver Using EPR Oximetry," J. Appl. Physiol. 80:552-558 (1996).
244. H. M. Swartz, et al., "Early History of the SMRM," J. Magn. Reson. Imaging, In Press (1996).
245. F. Goda, J. A. O'Hara, K. J. Liu, E. S. Rhodes, J.F. Dunn, and H. M. Swartz, "Comparisons of Measurements of pO2 in Tissue In Vivo By EPR Oximetry and Micro-Electrodes," Adv. Exp. Med. Biol., 411:543-549 (1997).
246. J.A. O'Hara, F. Goda, K.J. Liu, G. Bacic, P.J. Hoopes, and H.M. Swartz, "pO2 in a Murine Tumor Following Radiation: An In Vivo Electron Paramagnetic Resonance Oximetry Study," Radiation Research, 144:222-229 (1995).
247. B. Gallez, G. Bacic, and H. M. Swartz, "Evidence for the Dissociation of the Hepatobiliary MRI Contrast Agent Mn-DPDP," Magn. Reson. Med., 35:14-19 (1996).
248. F. Goda, J. A. O'Hara, E. S. Rhodes, K. J. Liu, J. F. Dunn, G. Bacic, and H. M. Swartz, "Changes of Oxygen Tension in Experimental Tumors After a Single Dose of X-Ray Irradiation," Canc. Res., 55:2249-2252 (1995).
249. T. Sarna and H.M. Swartz, "Physical Properties of Melanins," The Pigmentary System: Physiology and Pathophysiology (Book), J.J. Nordlund, R.E. Boissy, VJ. Hearing, R.A. King, J.P. Ortonne (Eds.), Oxford University Press, New York, Chap. 25, pp 333-358 (1998).
250. K. Mader, A. Domb, H. M. Swartz, "Gamma Sterilization Induced Radicals in Biodegradable Drug Delivery Systems," Appl. Radiat. Isotopes, 47:1669-1674 (1996).
251. K. Mader, B. Gallez, H. M. Swartz, "In Vivo EPR: An Effective New Tool For Studying Pathophysiology, Physiology, and Pharmacology," Applied Radiation and Isotopes, 47:1663-1667 (1996).
252. B. Gallez, K. Mader, H.M. Swartz, "Noninvasive Measurement of the pH Inside the Gut using pH-Sensitive Nitroxides. An In Vivo EPR Study," Magn. Reson. Med., 36:694-697 (1996).
253. H. M. Swartz, "Translating Outcomes Research into an Educational Program That Works," J. Outcomes Management 2(3):5-10 (1995).
254. N. Kocherginsky and H. M. Swartz, "Terminology, Classification, and Distribution of the Nitroxides in Cells," in Nitroxide Spin Labels, Reactions in Biology and Chemistry, CRC Press, 15-25 (1995).
255. N. Kocherginsky and H. M. Swartz, "Chemical Reactivity of Nitroxides," in Nitroxide Spin Labels, Reactions in Biology and Chemistry, CRC Press, 25-65 (1995).
256. N. Kocherginsky and H. M. Swartz, "Applications of Reactions of Nitroxides in Biophysics," in Nitroxide Spin Labels, Reactions in Biology and Chemistry, CRC Press, 67-93 (1995).
257. N. Kocherginsky and H. M. Swartz, "Biochemical Basis of Reduction of Nitroxides in Membranes," in Nitroxide Spin Labels, Reactions in Biology and Chemistry, CRC Press, 95-111 (1995).
258. H. M. Swartz, M. Sentjurc, and N. Kocherginsky, "Metabolism of Nitroxides and Their Products in Cells," in Nitroxide Spin Labels, Reactions in Biology and Chemistry, CRC Press, 113-147 (1995).
259. H. M. Swartz, M. Sentjurc, and N. Kocherginsky, "Metabolism and Distribution of Nitroxides in Tissues and Organs," in Nitroxide Spin Labels, Reactions in Biology and Chemistry, CRC Press, 149-152 (1995).
260. H. M. Swartz, M. Sentjurc, and N. Kocherginsky, "Metabolism and Distribution of Nitroxides In Vivo," in Nitroxide Spin Labels, Reactions in Biology and Chemistry, CRC Press, 153-171 (1995).
261. H. M. Swartz, M. Sentjurc, and N. Kocherginsky, "Toxicity and the Use of Nitroxides as Drugs," in Nitroxide Spin Labels, Reactions in Biology and Chemistry, CRC Press, 175-197 (1995).
262. M. Sentjurc, H. M. Swartz, and N. Kocherginsky, "Metabolism, Toxicity, and Distribution of Spin Traps," in Nitroxide Spin Labels, Reactions in Biology and Chemistry, CRC Press, 199-206 (1995).
263. G. Bacic, K. J. Liu, F. Goda, P. J. Hoopes, G. M. Rosen, and H. M. Swartz, "MRI Contrast Enhanced Study of Cartilage Proteoglycan Degradation in the Rabbit Knee," Magn. Reson. Med., 37:764-768 (1997).
264. O. Y. Grinberg, S. A. Grinberg, B. J. Friedman, and H. M. Swartz, "Myocardial Oxygen Tension and Capillary Density in the Isolated Perfused Rat Heart During Pharmacological Intervention," Adv. Exp. Med. Biol., 411:171-181 (1997).
265. J. Jiang, K.J. Liu, S. Jordan, H.M. Swartz, R.P. Mason, "Detection of Free Radical Metabolite Formation Using EPR Spectroscopy: Evidence of Rat Hemoglobin Thiyl Radical In Vivo Formation Following Administration of Phenylhydrazine", Arch. Biochem. Biophys., 330:266-70 (1996).
266. J.F. Dunn, S. Ding, J.A. O'Hara, K.J. Liu, E. Rhodes, F. Goda, and H.M. Swartz, "Can NMR Diffusion-Weighted Imaging Provide Quantitative Information on Tumor Interstitial pO2?", Adv. Exp. Med. Biol., 411:209-214 (1997).
267. F. Goda, B. Gallez, and H.M. Swartz, "Pharmacokinetics of the Nitroxide PCA Measured by In Vivo EPR," Res. Chem. Intermed., 22:491-498 (1996).
268. H.M. Swartz, and T. Walczak, "An Overview of Considerations and Approaches for Developing In Vivo EPR for Clinical Applications," Res. Chem. Intermed., 22:511-523 (1996).
269. K.J. Liu, P.J. Hoopes, E.L. Rolett, B. Beerle, A. Azzawi, F. Goda, J.F. Dunn, and H.M. Swartz, "Effect of Anesthesia on Cerebral Tissue Oxygen and Cardiopulmonary Parameters in Rats," Adv. Exp. Med. Biol. 428:33-39 (1997).
270. P.J. Hoopes, K.J. Liu, G. Bacic, E.L. Rolett, J.F. Dunn, and H.M. Swartz, "Histological Assessment of Rodent CNS Tissues to EPR Oximetry Probe Material, "Adv. Exp. Med. Biol., 428: 13-21 (1997).
271. P.E. James, F. Goda, O.Y. Grinberg, K.G. Szybinski and H.M. Swartz, "Intrarenal pO2 Measured by EPR Oximetry and the Effects of Bacterial Endotoxin," Adv. Exp. Med. Biol., 428: 557-568 (1997).
272. J.A. O'Hara, F. Goda, J.F. Dunn and H.M. Swartz, "Potential for EPR Oximetry to Guide Treatment Planning for Tumors," Adv. Exp. Med. Biol., 428:233-242 (1997).
273. J. Jiang, K.J. Liu, and H.M. Swartz, "Low Frequency EPR Surface Probe Based on Dielectric Resonator," Res. Chem. Intermed., 22:539-547 (1996).
274. B. Gallez, R. Debuyst, K.J. Liu, R. Demeure, F. Dejehet, H.M. Swartz, "Development of Biocompatible Implants of Fusinite for In Vivo Oximetry," MAGMA, 4:71-75 (1996).
275. P. James, O. Grinberg, F. Goda, T. Panz, J. O'Hara, and H. M. Swartz, "Gloxy: An Oxygen-Sensitive Coal for Accurate Measurement of Low Oxygen Tensions in Biological Systems," Magn. Reson. Med., 37:48-58 (1997).
276. P.E. James, O.Y. Grinberg, and H.M. Swartz, "Superoxide Production by Phagocytosing Macrophages in Relation to the Intracellular Distribution of Oxygen," J. Leukocyte Biol. 64:78-84 (1998).
277. K. Mäder, G. Bacic, A. Domb, O. Elmalak, R. Langer, and H. M. Swartz, "Noninvasive In Vivo Monitoring of Drug Release and Polymer Erosion from Biodegradable Polymers by EPR Spectroscopy and NMR Imaging," J. Pharm. Sciences, 86:126-134 (1997).
278. T. Shima, L. Zecca, M. Terreni, T. Sarna, T. Panz, and H.M. Swartz, "Evidence of In Situ Binding of Paramagnetic Metals by Neuromelanin in Human Substantia Nigra: An Electron Paramagnetic Resonance (EPR) Study," Submitted.
279. K. Mäder, Y. Cremmilleux, A. Domb, J.F. Dunn, and H.M. Swartz, "In Vitro/In Vivo Comparison of Drug Release and Polymer Erosion from Biodegradable (P(FAD-SA) Polyanhydrides - A Noninvasive Approach by the Combined Use of Electron Paramagnetic Resonance Spectroscopy and Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Imaging," Pharm. Res, 14:820-826 (1997).
280. H.M. Swartz, J. Dunn, O. Grinberg, J. O'Hara, T. Walczak, "What Does EPR Oximetry with Solid Particles Measure--And How Does This Relate to Other Measures of pO2?", Adv. Exp. Med. Biol. 428:663-670 (1997).
281. S.K. Jackson, P.E. James and H.M. Swartz, "The Effect of Lipopolysaccharide on Intra-Phagosomal Oxygen Concentration as Measured by EPR Oximetry," Adv. Exp. Med. Biol., 428:613-620 (1997).
282. J.F. Dunn and H.M. Swartz, "Blood Oxygenation: Heterogeneity of Hypoxic Tissues Monitored Using Bold MR Imaging," Adv. Exp. Med. Biol., 428:645-650 (1997).
283. J.A. O'Hara, P.E. James, T. Panz, O. Grinberg, N. Jain, J. Dunn, and H.M. Swartz, "Determining the Anatomic Position and Histological Effects in Tumors of Gloxy, an Oxygen Sensitive Paramagnetic Material," Adv. Exp. Med. Biol., 428:107-113 (1997).
284. P.E. James, J. A. O'Hara, O.Y. Grinberg, T. Panz and H.M.Swartz, "Intratumoral pO2 Measured Using a New Oxygen Sensitive Paramagnetic Material, Gloxy," Adv. Exp. Med. Biol., 428:97-106 (1997).
285. O.Y. Grinberg, B.J. Friedman, and H.M. Swartz, "Intramyocardial pO2 Measured by EPR," Adv. Exp. Med. Biol., 428:261-268 (1997).
286. H. Hirata, T. Walczak, and H.M. Swartz, "An Improved Inductive Coupler for Suppressing a Shift in the Resonance Frequency of Electron Paramagnetic Resonance Resonators ," Rev. Scien. Inst., 68:3187-3191 (1997).
287. K.J. Liu, K. Mader, X. Shi, and H.M. Swartz, "Reduction of Carcinogenic Chromium (VI) on the Skin of Living Rats," Magn. Reson. Med., 38:524-526 (1997).
288. H.M. Swartz, "Potential Use of In Vivo Electron Paramagnetic Resonance (EPR, ESR) for In Vivo Dosimetry under Field Conditions," Proceedings: Triage of Irradiated Personnel - An Armed Forces Radiobiology Research Institute Workshop, D21-D23 (1998).
289. B. Gallez, R. Debuyst, F. Dejehet, K.J. Liu, T. Walczak, H.M. Swartz, F. Goda, R. Demeure, and H. Taper, "Small Particles of Fusinite and Carbohydrate Chars Coated with Aqueous Soluble Polymers: Preparation and Applications for In Vivo EPR Oximetry, Magn. Reson. Med. 40:152-159 (1998).
290. P.E. James, K.J. Liu, and H.M. Swartz, "Direct Detection of Tissue Nitric Oxide in Septic Mice," Adv. Exp. Med. Biol. 454:181-187 (1998).
291. H.M. Swartz and T. Walczak, "Developing In Vivo EPR Oximetry for Clinical Use," Adv. Exp. Med. Biol. 454:243-252 (1998).
292. O.Y. Grinberg, P.E. James, and H.M. Swartz, "Are There Significant Gradients of pO2 in Cells?," Adv. Exp. Med. Biol. 454:415-423 (1998).
293. H.M. Swartz, K.J. Liu, T. Walczak, T. Panz, M. Kobayashi, and W. Zavadoski, "Effects of Coatings on the Reactivity of Inorganic Sunscreen Agents to Light," J. Cosmet. Sci., 49:125-135 (1998).
294. H. M. Swartz and R.B. Clarkson, "The Measurement of Oxygen In Vivo Using EPR Techniques," Phys. Med. Biol, 43:1957-1975 (1998).
295. F. Goda, H.M. Swartz, M. Goda, M. Tanabe, and H. Maeta, "In Vivo ESR Oximetry," Magn. Reson. Med. (Japan) 8:71-74 (1997).
296. B.J. Friedman, O.Y. Grinberg, N.R. Ratcliffe, H.M. Swartz, and W.F. Hickey, "Acute Hemodynamic and Coronary Circulatory Effects of Experimental Autoimmune Myocarditis," Heart Vessels 13:58-62 (1998).
297. M. Miyake, J.A. O'Hara, P.E. James, T. Panz, and H.M. Swartz, "Histological Examination of the Biological Interactions of the Oxygen Sensitive Paramagnetic Material Gloxy with Various Tissues of Mice," Proceedings of ESR (EPR) Imaging and In Vivo ESR Spectroscopy, (H. Kamada, H. Ohya, eds.), Yamagata, Japan, pp 252-254 (1998).
298. H.M. Swartz and T. Walczak, "Initial Clinical EPR Studies: Potential Problems and their Solutions,"Proceedings of ESR (EPR) Imaging and In Vivo ESR Spectroscopy, (H. Kamada, H. Ohya, eds.),Yamagata, Japan, pp 189-192 (1998).
299. K.J. Liu, Y. Kotake, and H.M. Swartz, "Direct Detection of Reactive Species by In Vivo EPR," Proceedings of ESR (EPR) Imaging and In Vivo ESR Spectroscopy, (H. Kamada, H. Ohya, eds.), Yamagata, Japan, pp 197-201 (1998).
300. K.J. Liu, M. Miyake, P.E. James, and H.M. Swartz, "Separation and Enrichment of the Active Component of Carbon Based Paramagnetic Materials for Use in EPR Oximetry," J. Magn. Reson., 133:291-298 (1998).
301. J.A. O'Hara, F. Goda, E. Demidenko, and H.M. Swartz, "Effect on Regrowth Delay in a Murine Tumor of Scheduling Split Dose Irradiation Based on Direct pO2 Measurements by Electron Paramagnetic Resonance Oximetry," Radiat. Res. 150:549-556 (1998).
302. H.M. Swartz and Graham S. Timmins, "The Metabolism of Nitroxides in Cells and Tissues Used to Study Functional Biological Systems In Vitro and In Vivo," in "Free Radicals in Toxicology" (book). C.J. Rhodes, ed. (2001)
303. P.E. James, J.A. O'Hara, S. Grinberg, T. Panz, and H.M. Swartz, "Impact of the Antimetastatic Drug Batimastat on Tumor Growth and pO2 Measured by EPR Oximetry in a Murine Mammary Adenocarcinoma", Adv. Exp. Med. Biol. 471:487-496 (1999).
304. K.J. Liu, M. Miyake, T. Panz, and H.M. Swartz, "Evaluation of DEPMPO as a Spin Trapping Agent in Biological Systems," Free Rad. Biol Med. 26:714-721 (1999).
305. H.M. Swartz, A. Iwasaki, T. Walczak, P. Starewicz and D. Schauer, "Measurements of Clinically Significant Doses Using Non-Invasive In Vivo EPR Spectroscopy of Teeth In Situ." Proceedings of 36th Midyear Meeting of the Health Physics Society, January 19-23 (2003).
306. F. Goda, J.A. O'Hara, H. Usuki, M. Goda, H. Maeta, and H.M. Swartz, "Effect of Tumor pO2on Tumor Control after Split Dose of Radiation," Proceedings of ESR (EPR) Imaging and In Vivo ESR Spectroscopy, (H. Kamada, H. Ohya, eds.), Yamagata, Japan, pp 246-248 (1998)
307. L. Honzak, M. Sentjurc, and H.M. Swartz, "In Vivo EPR of Topical Delivery of a Hydrophilic Substance Encapsulated in Multilamellar Liposomes Applied to the Skin of Hairless and Normal Mice," J. of Controlled Release 66:221-228 (2000).
308. S. Taie, S. Leichtweis, K.J. Liu, M. Miyake, O. Grinberg, E. Demidenko, and H. M. Swartz, "The Effects of Ketamine/xylazine and Pentobarbital Anesthesia on Cerebral Tissue Oxygen Tension, Blood Pressure, and Arterial Blood Gas in Rats," Adv. Exp. Med. Biol., 471:189-198 (1999).
309. P.E. James, M. Miyake, and H.M. Swartz, "Simultaneous Measurement of NO and pO2 from Tissue by In Vivo EPR," Nitric Oxide: Biology and Chemistry. 3:292-301 (1999).
310. K.J. Liu, Y. Kotake, M. Lee, M. Miyake, K. Sugden, Z. Yu, and H.M. Swartz, "HPLC Study of the Pharmacokinetics of Various Spin Traps for Application to In Vivo Spin Trapping," Free Rad. Biol. Med. 27:82-89 (1999).
311. M. Miyake, K.J. Liu, T. Walczak, and H.M. Swartz, "In Vivo EPR Dosimetry of Accidental Exposures to Radiation: Experimental Results Indicating the Feasibility of Practical Use in Human Subjects," Appl. Rad. & Isotopes 52:1031-1038 (2000).
312. S.W. Norby, H.M. Swartz, and R.B. Clarkson, "Electron and Light Microscopy Studies on Particulate EPR Spin Probes Lithium Phthalocyanine, Fusinite and Synthetic Chars," J. of Microscopy 12:172-185 (1998).
313. E.L. Rolett, A. Azzawi, K.J. Liu, N.M. Yongbi, H.M. Swartz, and J.F. Dunn, "Critical Oxygen Tension in Rat Brain: a Combined 31P-NMR and EPR Oximetry Study," Am. J. Physiol. 279:R9-R16 (2000).
314. G.S. Timmins, K.J. Liu, E. J.H. Bechara, Y. Kotake, and H.M. Swartz, "Trapping of Free Radicals with Direct In Vivo EPR Detection: A Comparison of 5,5-Dimethyl-1-Pyrroline-N-oxide (DMPO) and 5-Diethoxyphosphoryl-5-Methyl-1-Pyrroline-N-oxide (DEPMPO) as Spin Traps for HO• and SO4•-, Free Rad. Biol. Med., 27:329-333(1999).
315. H. Hirata, T. Walczak and H.M. Swartz, "Electronically Tunable Surface-Coil-Type Resonator for L-Band EPR Spectroscopy," J Magn Reson 142:159-167 (2000).
316. A. Barchowsky, L.R. Klei, E.J. Dudek, H.M. Swartz, and P.E. James, "Stimulation of Reactive Oxygen, but not Reactive Nitrogen Species, in Vascular Endothelial Cells Exposed to Low Levels of Arsenite," Free Rad. Biol. Med. 27:1405-1412 (1999).
317. P.E. James, L.R. Klei, H.M. Swartz, and A. Barchowsky, "Intracellular Free Radicals Detected Within Porcine Endothelial Cells," Submitted.
318. H.M. Swartz and L. Berliner, "Introduction to In Vivo EPR," In Biological Magnetic Resonance - Volume 18: In Vivo EPR (ESR): Theory and Applications (Book). L.J. Berliner (ed.), Plenum Publishing Co., NY. pp. 1-21 (2003).
319. H.M. Swartz. "The Measurement of Oxygen In Vivo Using EPR Techniques,"in Biological Magnetic Resonance - Volume 18: In Vivo EPR (ESR): Theory and Applications (Book). L.J. (ed.), Plenum Publishing Co., NY. pp. 403-440 (2003)
320. J.F. Dunn and H.M. Swartz, "Combining NMR and EPR/ESR for In Vivo Experiments," in Biological Magnetic Resonance - Volume 18: In Vivo EPR (ESR): Theory and Applications (Book). L.J. Berliner (ed.), Plenum Publishing Co., NY. pp. 579-597 (2003).
321. B.W. Pogue, J. A. O'Hara, K.J. Liu, T. Hasan and H.M. Swartz, "Photodynamic Treatment of the RIF-1 Tumor with Verteporfin with Online Monitoring of Tissue Oxygen using Electronic Paramagnetic Resonance Oximetry," SPEI 3601:108-114 (1999).
322. G.S. Timmins, C.A.A. Penatti, E.J.H. Bechara and H.M. Swartz, "Measurement of Oxygen Partial Pressure, Its Control During Hypoxia and Hyperoxia, and Its Effect Upon Light Emission in a Bioluminescent Elaterid Larva," J. Exp. Biol., 202:2631-2638 (1999).
323. H.M. Swartz, "Oxygen Transport to Tissue XVIII and XVIX (Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology, Volumes 411 and 428)," Book Review. E.M. Nemoto, J.C. LaManna (eds.), Vol. 411. Plenum Press (New York). Free Rad. Biol. Med. 27:725-726 (1999).
324. J.A. O'Hara, R.D. Blumenthal, O.Y. Grinberg, S. Grinberg, C. Martin, D.M. Goldenberg and H.M. Swartz, "Tumor pO2 Assessments in Human Xenograft Tumors Measured by EPR Oximetry: Location of Paramagnetic Materials, "Oxygen Transport to Tissue XXIV. (Dunn, J.F. and H.M. Swartz eds). Plenum Publishers, New York. Adv. Exp. Biol. Med. 530:205-214 (2003).
325. J.A. O'Hara, R.D. Blumenthal, O.Y. Grinberg, E. Demidenko, S. Grinberg, C.M. Wilmot, A.M. Taylor, D.M. Goldenberg and H.M. Swartz, "Response to Radioimmunotherapy Correlates with Tumor pO2 Measured by EPR Oximetry in Human Tumor Xenografts," Radiat. Res. 155:466-473 (2001).
326. O.Y. Grinberg, H. Hou and H.M. Swartz, "Direct Repeated Measurements of pO2 in the Brain During Ischemia and Reperfusion," Ischemic Blood Flow in the Brain (Y. Fukuuchi, M. Tomita and A. Koto, eds.), Springer-Verlag, Tokyo. Keio University Symposia for Life Science and Medicine. 6:381-389 (2000).
327. M. Miyake, P.E. James, T. Panz, J.A. O'Hara and H.M. Swartz, "Stability of the Oxygen Sensitive Paramagnetic Material Gloxy in Various Tissues in Mice," In Preparation.
328. J.L. Evelhoch, R.J. Gillies, G.S. Karczmar, J.A. Koutcher, R.J. Maxwell, O. Nalcioglu, N. Raghunand, S.M. Ronen, B.D. Ross and H.M. Swartz, "Applications of Magnetic Resonance in Model Systems: Cancer Therapeutics," Neoplasia 2:1-14 (2000).
329. G.S. Timmins, E.J.H. Bechara and H.M. Swartz, "Direct Determination of the Kinetics of Oxygen Diffusion to the Photocytes of a Bioluminescent Elaterid Larva, Measurement of Gas and Aqueous Phase Diffusional Barriers and Modelling of Oxygen Supply," J. Exper. Biol. 203:2479-2484 (2000).
330. H.M. Swartz, "Potential Medical (Clinical!!!) Applications of EPR: Overview & Perspectives," in Biological Magnetic Resonance - Volume 18: In Vivo EPR (ESR): Theory and Applications (Book). L.J. Berliner (ed.), Plenum Publishing Co.. NY., pp. 599-621 (2003).
331. P.E. James, M. Madhani, W. Roebuck and H.M. Swartz, "Endotoxin-Induced Liver Hypoxia, Defective Oxygen Delivery Versus Oxygen Consumption," Nitric Oxide: Biology & Chemistry 6:18-28 (2002).
332. H. Hirata, T. Walczak and H.M. Swartz, "Characteristics of an Electronically Tunable Surface-Coil-Type Resonator for L-Band EPR Spectroscopy," RSI 72:2839-2841 (2001).
333. H. Swartz, S. Taie, M. Miyake, O. Grinberg, H. Hou, H. El-Kadi, and J. Dunn, "The Effects of Anesthesia on Cerebral Tissue Oxygen Tension: Use of EPR Oximetry to Make Repeated Measurements," Oxygen Transport to Tissue XXIV. (Dunn, J.F. and H.M. Swartz eds). Plenum Publishers. New York. Adv. Exp. Med. Biol. 530:569-575 (2003).
334. M. Miyake, O. Y. Grinberg, H. Hou, R.P.Steffen, H. El-Kadi, and H.M. Swartz, "The Effect of RSR13, a Synthetic Allosteric Modifier of Hemoglobin, on Brain Tissue pO2 (Measured by EPR Oximetry) Following Severe Hemorrhagic Shock in Rats," Oxygen Transport to Tissue XXIV. (Dunn, J.F. and H.M. Swartz eds). Plenum Publishers, New York. Adv. Exp. Med. Biol. 530:319-329 (2003).
335. O.Y. Grinberg, M. Miyake, H. Hou, R.P. Steffen and H.M. Swartz, "The Dose-Dependent Effect of RSR13, a Synthetic Allosteric Modifier of Hemoglobin, on Physiological Parameters and Brain Tissue Oxygenation in Rats," Oxygen Transport to Tissue XXIV. (Dunn, J.F. and H.M. Swartz eds). Plenum Publishers. New York. Adv. Exp. Med. Biol. 530: 287-296 (2003).
336. H.M. Swartz and J.F. Dunn, "Measurements of Oxygen in Tissues: Overview and Perspectives on Methods," Oxygen Transport to Tissue XXIV. (Dunn, J.F. and H.M. Swartz eds). Plenum Publishers. New York. Adv Exp Med Biol 530:1-12 (2003).
337. T. Sarna and H.M. Swartz, "Physical Properties of Melanins," The Pigmentary System: Physiology and Pathophysiology (Book), 2nd Edition. J.J. Nordlund, R.E. Boissy, VJ. Hearing, R.A. King, W. Oetting, J.P. Ortonne (Eds.), Oxford University Press, New York, Chap. 16, pp 311-341 (2006).
338. P.E. James, M. Madhani, C. Ross, L. Klei, A. Barchowsky, and Swartz, H.M., "Tissue Hypoxia during Bacterial Sepsis is Attenuated by PR-39, an Anti-Bacterial Peptide," Oxygen Transport to Tissue XXIV. (Dunn, J.F. and H.M. Swartz eds). Plenum Publishers. New York. Adv. Exp. Med. Biol. 530: 645-652(2003).
339. J.F. Dunn, O. Grinberg, M. Roche, C.I. Nwaigwe, H.G. Hou and H.M. Swartz, "Noninvasive Assessment of Cerebral Oxygenation During Acclimation to Hypobaric Hypoxia," J. of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism, 20:1632-1635 (2000).
340. J. He, N. Beghein, R.B. Clarkson, H.M. Swartz and B. Gallez, "Microencapsulationof Carbon Particles Used as Oxygen Sensors in EPR Oximetry to Stabilize Their Responsiveness to Oxygen In Vitro and In Vivo," Phys. Med. Biol. 46:3323-3329 (2001).
341. J. F. Dunn, J. O'Hara, Y. Zaim-Wadghiri, H. Lei, M.E. Meyerand, O.Y. Grinberg, H. Hou, P.J. Hoopes, E. Demidenko and H.M. Swartz, "Changes in Oxygenation of an Intracranial Tumors with Carbogen: A BOLD MRI and EPR Oximetry Study," J. Magn. Reson. Imaging," 16:511-521(2002).
342. B.W. Pogue, J.A. O'Hara, C.M. Wilmot, K.D. Paulsen, and H.M. Swartz, "Estimation of Oxygen Distribution in RIF-1 Tumors by Diffusion Model-Based Interpretation of Pimonidazole Hypoxia and Eppendorf Measurements," Radiat. Res., 155:15-25 (2001).
343. Timmins, G.S., Robb, F.J., Wilmot, C.M., Jackson, S.K. and Swartz, H.M., "Firefly Flashing is Controlled by Gating Oxygen to Light Emitting Cells," J. Exper. Biol. 204:2795-2801 (2001).
344. K.J. Appenroth, M. Bischoff, H. Gabrys, J. Stoeckel, H.M. Swartz, T. Walczak and K. Winnefeld, "Kinetics of Chromium (V) Formation and Reduction in Fronds of the Duckweed Spirodela polyrhiza - a Low Frequency EPR Study," J. Inorganic Biochem. 78:235-242 (2000).
345. H.M. Swartz, "Instead of Abandoning the Cubs, Here's Some Things to Do," Between the Lines (the unofficial Chicago Cubs publication), 7:10 & 15 (2000).
346. J. He, N. Beghein, P. Ceroke, R.B. Clarkson, H.M. Swartz and B. Gallez, "Development of Biocompatible Oxygen-Permeable Films Holding Paramagnetic Carbon Particles: Evaluation of their Performance and Stability in EPR Oximetry," Magn. Reson. Med. 46:610-614 (2001).
347. M. Sentjurc, M. Krzic, J. Kristl, O. Grinberg and H.M. Swartz, "EPR Oximetry In Vivo in the Mouse Skin," Polish J. Med. Phys. & Eng. 7:165-174 (2001).
348. B.W. Pogue, K.D. Paulsen, J.A. O'Hara, P.J. Hoopes and H.M. Swartz, "Modeling of Tumor Oxygen Micro-Heterogeneity for Photodynamic Therapy Dosimetry," Proceed SPIE, 3909:104-112 (2000).
349. H. Hou, O.Y. Grinberg, S. Taie, S. Leichtweis, M. Miyake, S. Grinberg, H. Xie, M. Csete and H.M. Swartz, "Electron Paramagnetic Resonance (EPR) Assessment of Brain Tissue Oxygen Tension in Anesthetized Rats," Anesthesia & Analgesia 96:1467-1472 (2003).
350. M. Madhani, P. James, A. Barchowsky, L. Klei, C. Ross, S.K. Jackson and H.M. Swartz, "Anti-Bacterial Peptide PR-39 Affects Local Nitric Oxide and Preserves Tissue Oxygenation in the Liver During Septic Shock," Biochim. Biophys. Acta., 1588:232-240 (2002).
351. G. Sersa, M. Krzic, M. Sentjurc, T. Ivanusa, K. Beravs, V. Kotnik, A. Coer, H.Swartz and M. Cemazar, "Reduced Blood Flow and Oxygenation in SA-1 Tumors after Electrochemotherapy with Cisplatin," British Journal of Cancer, 87:1047-1054 (2002).
352. G. Sersa, M. Krzic, M. Sentjurc, T. Ivanusa, K. Beravs, M. Cemazar, M. Auersperg, and H.M. Swartz, "Reduced Tumor Oxygenation by Treatment with Vinblastine," Canc. Res., 6:4266-4271 (2001).
353. B.W. Pogue, J.A. O'Hara, Goodwin, I.A., Fournier, G.P., Wilmot, C.J., Akay, A.R. and Swartz, H.M., "Tumor pO2 Changes During Photodynamic Therapy Depend upon Photosensitizer Type and Time After Injection," Comparative Biochem. and Physiology Part A 132:177-184 (2002).
354. O.Y. Grinberg, A.I. Smirnov, and H.M. Swartz, "High Spatial Resolution Multi-Site EPR Oximetry: The Use of a Convolution-Based Fitting Method," J. Magn. Reson. 152:247-258 (2001).
355. J. Shen, S. Bottle, N. Khan, O. Grinberg, D. Reid, A. Micallef and H. M. Swartz, "Development of Isoindoline Nitroxides for EPR Oximetry in Viable Systems," Appl. Magn. Reson. 22:357-368 (2002).
356. H. Lei, O. Grinberg, C.I. Nwaigwe, H.G. Hou, H. Williams, H.M. Swartz and J.F. Dunn, "The Effects of Ketamine/Xylazine Anesthesia on Cerebral Blood Flow and Oxygenation Observed Using Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Perfusion Imaging and Electron Paramagnetic Resonance Oximetry," Brain Research 913:174-179 (2001).
357. G.S. Timmins, S.K. Jackson and H.M. Swartz, "The Evolution of Bioluminescent Oxygen Consumption as an Ancient Oxygen Detoxification Mechanism," J. Molecular Evolution 52:321-332 (2001).
358. H. Hou, N. Khan and H. Swartz, "Applications of EPR (ESR or EMR) in Medicine & Biology." Chapter 16 in Applied Electron Magnetic Resonance – Elementary Principle & Practical Applications (in Chinese), (X. Yuanzhi, ed., In Press (2007).
359. R.A. Towner, S.A. Sturgeon, N. Khan, H.G. Hou and H. Swartz, "In Vivo Assessment of Nodularin-Induced Hepatotoxicity in the Rat Using Magnetic Resonance Techniques (MRI, MRS and EPR Oximetry). Chemico-Biological Interactions 139:231-250 (2002).
360. J. Shen, N. Khan, L.D. Lewis, R. Armand, O. Grinberg, E. Demidenko and H. Swartz, "Oxygen Consumption Rates and Oxygen Concentration in Molt-4 Cells and their mtDNA Depleted (ρ0) Mutants," Biophys. Journal 84:1291-1298 (2003).
361. N. Khan, J. Shen, T.Y. Chang, C.Y. Chang, P.C.W. Fung, O. Grinberg, E. Demidenko and H. Swartz, "Plasma Membrane Cholesterol: A Possible Barrier to Intracellular Oxygen in Normal and Mutant CHO Cells Defective in Cholesterol Metabolism." Biochem. 42:23-29 (2003).
362. H. Swartz, "Measuring Real Levels of Oxygen In Vivo: Opportunities and Challenges," Biochem. Soc. Trans. 30: 248-252 (2002).
363. N. Khan and H. Swartz, "Measurements of In Vivo Parameters Pertinent to "ROS/RNS Using EPR Spectroscopy," Molecular & Cellular Biochemistry, 234/235:341-357 (2002).
364. P. James and H. Swartz, "Simultaneous Detection of pO2 and NO by Electron Paramagnetic Resonance," Methods in Enzymology V 359 In: Nitric Oxide (Parts D and E) (Packer, L. and Cadenas, E., eds.), 52-66 (2002).
365. J.F. Dunn and H.M. Swartz, "In Vivo Electron Paramagnetic Resonance Oximetry with Particulate Materials," Methods (ed. R. Auer), Academic Press, NY, 30:159-166 (2003).
366. W.K. Subczynski and H.M. Swartz, "EPR Oximetry in Biological and Model Samples," in Biomedical ESR a volume in the Biological Magnetic Resonance Series (S.S. Eaton, G.R. Eaton, L.J. Berliner, eds.), Kluwer Publisher (The Netherlands, New York, Boston), Chapter 10, pp 229-282. (2005).
367. H.M. Swartz and N. Khan, "EPR Spectroscopy Of Function In Vivo: Origins, Achievements, And Future Possibilities," in Biomedical ESR a volume in the Biological Magnetic Resonance Series (S.S. Eaton, G.R. Eaton, L.J. Berliner, eds.), Kluwer Publisher (The Netherlands, New York, Boston), Chapter 9, pp 197-228. (2005).
368. N. Khan, C.M. Wilmot, G.M. Rosen, E. Demidenko, J. Sun, J. Joseph, J. O'Hara, B. Kalyanaraman and H.M. Swartz, "Spin Traps: In Vitro Toxicity and Stability of Radical Adducts," Free Rad. Biol. Med. 11:1473-1481 (2003).
369. B.W. Pogue, J.A. O'Hara, E. Demidenko, C.M. Wilmot, I.A. Goodwin, B. Chen, H.M. Swartz and T. Hasan, "Photodynamic Therapy with Verteporfin in the RIF-1 Tumor Causes Enhanced Radiation Sensitivity," Canc. Res., 163:1025-1033 (2003).
370. I. Salikhov, H. Hirata, T. Walczak and H.M. Swartz, "An Improved External Loop Resonator for In Vivo L-band EPR Spectroscopy," J. Magn. Reson. 164:54-59 (2003).
371. H.M. Swartz, "Using EPR to Measure a Critical but Often Unmeasured Component of Oxidative Damage: OXYGEN," Antioxidant & Redox Signaling Journal, 6:677-686 (2004).
372. H.M. Swartz and J. Dunn, "The Difficulties in Comparing In Vivo Oxygen Measurements – Turning the Problems into Benefits," Oxygen Transport to Tissue XXVI (Okunieff, P. Williams, J. and Chen. Y. eds). Springer, New York. Adv. Exp. Med. Biol. 566: 295-302 (2005).
373. O. Grinberg, B. Novozhilov, S. Grinberg, B. Friedman and H.M. Swartz, "Axial Oxygen Diffusion in the Krogh Model: Modifications to Account for Myocardial Oxygen Tension in Isolated Perfused Rat Hearts Measured by EPR Oximetry," Oxygen Transport to Tissue XXVI (Okunieff, P. Williams, J. and Chen. Y. eds). Springer, New York. Adv. Exp. Med. Biol. 566:127-134 (2005).
374. H. Hou, N. Khan, J.A. O'Hara, O.Y. Grinberg, J.F. Dunn, M. A. Abajian, C.M. Wilmot, M. Makki, E. Demidenko, S.Y. Lu, R.P. Steffen and H.M. Swartz. "Effect of RSR13,an Allosteric Hemoglobin Modifier, on Oxygenation in Murine Tumors: An In Vivo EPR Oximetry and BOLD MRI Study," Int. J. of Radiat. Onc. Biol. Phys. 59:834-843 (2004)
375. O. Grinberg, H. Hou, M.A. Roche, J. Merlis, S.A. Grinberg, N. Khan, H.M. Swartz and J.F. Dunn, "Modeling of the Response of ptO2 in Rat Brain to Changes in Physiological Parameters," Oxygen Transport to Tissue XXVI (Okunieff, P. Williams, J. and Chen. Y. eds). Springer, New York. Adv. Exp. Med. Biol. 566:111-118 (2005).
376. N. Khan, H. Hou, P. Hein, R.J. Comi, J.C. Buckey, O. Grinberg, I. Salikhov, S.Y. Lu, H. Wallach, and H.M. Swartz, "Black Magic and EPR Oximetry: From Lab to Initial Clinical Trials," Oxygen Transport to Tissue XXVI (Okunieff, P. Williams, J. and Chen. Y. eds). Springer, New York. Adv. Exp. Med. Biol. 566:119-126 (2005).
377. Y.S. Sakata, O.Y. Grinberg, S. Grinberg, R. Springett and H.M. Swartz, "Simultaneous NIR-EPR Spectroscopy of Rat Brain Oxygenation," Oxygen Transport to Tissue XXVI (Okunieff, P. Williams, J. and Chen. Y. eds). Springer, New York. Adv. Exp. Med. Biol. 566:357-362 (2005).
378. H. Hou, O.Y. Grinberg, S.A. Grinberg, N. Khan, J.F. Dunn and H.M. Swartz, "Cerebral PtO2, Acute Hypoxia, and Volatile Anesthetics in the Rat Brain," Oxygen Transport to Tissue XXVI (Okunieff, P. Williams, J. and Chen. Y. eds). Springer, New York. Adv. Exp. Med. Biol. 566: 179-186 (2005).
379. H.M. Swartz, Md. N. Khan and V.V. Khramstov, "Use of Electron Paramagnetic Resonance Spectroscopy to Evaluate the Redox State In Vivo," Antioxidants & Redox Signaling, 9:1757-1771 (2007).
380. J.A. O'Hara, N. Khan, H. Hou, C.M. Wilmot, E. Demidenko, J.F. Dunn and H.M. Swartz, "Comparison of EPR Oximetry and Eppendorf Polarographic Electrode Assessments of Rat Brain PtO2," Physiological Measurements 25:1413-1423 (2004).
381. V.O. Grinberg, A.I. Smirnov, O.Y. Grinberg, S.A. Grinberg, J.A. O'Hara, and H.M. Swartz, "Practical Experimental Conditions and Limitations for High Spatial Resolution Multi-Site EPR Oximetry," Appl. Magn. Reson. 28:69-78 (2005).
382. H.M. Swartz, R.P. Mason, N. Hogg, B. Kalyanaraman, T. Sarna, P.M. Plonka, M. Zareb, P.L. Gutierrez, and L.J. Berliner, "Free Radicals and Medicine," in Biomedical ESR a volume in the Biological Magnetic Resonance Series (S.S. Eaton, G.R. Eaton, L.J. Berliner, eds.), Kluwer Publisher (The Netherlands, New York, Boston), Chapter 3, pp. 25-74 (2004).
383. O.Y. Grinberg, H. Hou, S.A. Grinberg, K.L. Moodie, E. Demidenko, B.J. Friedman, M.J. Post, and H.M. Swartz, "pO2 and Regional Blood Flow in a Rabbit Model of Limb Ischemia," Physiological Measurements 25:659-670 (2004).
384. H.M. Swartz, "An Incomplete History of Jim Hyde and the EPR Center at MCW," in Biomedical ESR, a volume in the Biological Magnetic Resonance Series (S.S. Eaton, G.R. Eaton, L.J. Berliner, eds.), Kluwer Publisher (The Netherlands, New York, Boston), Chapter 2, pp 7-22 (2004).
385. A. Iwasaki, O. Grinberg, T. Walczak and H.M. Swartz, "In Vivo Measurements of EPR Signals in Whole Human Teeth," Appl. Radiat. and Isotopes. 62:187-190 (2005).
386. A. Iwasaki, T. Walczak, O. Grinberg and H.M. Swartz, "Differentiation of the Observed Low Frequency (1200 MHz) EPR Signals in Whole Human Teeth," Appl. Radiat. and Isotopes. 62:133-139 (2005).
387. H. Hou, N. Khan, J.A. O'Hara, O.Y. Grinberg, J.F. Dunn, M.A. Abajian, C.M. Wilmot, E. Demidenko, S.Y. Lu, R.P. Steffen and H.M. Swartz, "Increased Oxygenation of Intracranial Tumors by EFAPROXYN (Efaproxiral) an Allosteric Hemoglobin Modifier: An In Vivo EPR Oximetry Study," Int. J. of Radiat. Onc., Biol. Phys. 61:1503-1509 (2005).
388. H. Hou, O.Y. Grinberg, S. Grinberg and H.M. Swartz, "Cerebral Tissue Oxygenation in Reversible Focal Ischemia in Rats: EPR Oximetry Measurements," Physiol. Meas. 26:131-141 (2005).
389. N. Khan, O. Grinberg, C. Wilmot, H. Kiefer and H.M. Swartz, "Distant Spin Trapping: A Method for Expanding the Availability of Spin Trapping Measurement," J. Biochem. Biophys. Methods. 62:125-130 (2005).
390. T. Walczak, P. Lesniewski, I. Salikhov, A. Sucheta, K. Szybinski and H.M. Swartz, "L-Band EPR Spectrometer for the Use In Vivo and in the Studies of Aqueous Biological Samples," Review of Scientific Instruments, 76,013107 1-6 (2005).
391. P. Lesniewski, A. Sucheta, J.S. Hyde and H.M. Swartz, "An Octave Band 500-1000 MHz Multiquantum EPR Spectrometer," In preparation (2005).
392. T. Walczak, P. Lesniewski, O.Y. Grinberg, H. Hou, A. Sucheta and H.M. Swartz, "Implantable Resonators – A New Direction for In Vivo Application of EPR Spectroscopy," Submitted (2005).
393. J.A. O'Hara, H. Hou, C.M. Wilmot, E. Demidenko, R.J. Springett, N. Khan and H.M. Swartz, "Simultaneous Measurement of Rat Brain Cortex PtO2 Using EPR Oximetry and a Fluorescence Fiber-Optic Sensor During Normoxia and Hyperoxia," Physiol. Meas. 26:203-213 (2005).
394. I. Salikhov and H.M. Swartz, "Measurement of Specific Absorption Rate for Clinical EPR at 1200 MHz," Applied Magn. Reson. 29:287-291 (2005).
395. I. Salikhov, T. Walczak, P. Lesniewski, N. Khan, A. Iwasaki, R. Comi, J. Buckey and H.M. Swartz, "EPR Spectrometer for Clinical Applications," Magn. Reson. Med. 54:1317-1320 (2005).
396. B. Gallez and H.M. Swartz, "In Vivo EPR: When, How and Why?" NMR Biomed. 17:223-225 (2004).
397. H.M. Swartz, N. Khan, J. Buckey, R. Comi, L. Gould, O. Grinberg, A. Hartford, H. Hopf, H. Hou, E. Hug, A. Iwasaki, P. Lesniewski, I. Salikhov and T. Walczak, "Clinical Applications of EPR: Overview and Perspectives," NMR Biomed. 17:335-351 (2004).
398. D.A. Schauer, A. Iwasaki, A.A. Romanyukha, H.M. Swartz and S.Onori, "Electron Paramagnetic Resonance (EPR) in Medical Dosimetry," Radiation Measurements. 41:S117-S123 (2007).
399. A.A. Romanyukha, D. Ivanov, D.A. Schauer, J.A. Thomas and H.M. Swartz, "Spectrum File Size Optimization for EPR Tooth Dosimetry," Applied Radiation and Isotopes 62:197-200 (2005).
400. H. M. Swartz, A. Iwasaki, T. Walczak, E. Demidenko, I. Salikhov, P. Lesniewski , P. Starewicz, D. Schauer and A. Romanyukha, "Measurements of Clinically Significant Doses of Ionizing Radiation Using Non-Invasive In Vivo EPR Spectroscopy of Teeth In Situ," Applied Radiation and Isotopes. 62:293-299 (2005).
401. H. M. Swartz, A. Iwasaki, T. Walczak, E. Demidenko, I. Salikhov, P. Lesniewski, J. Thomas, A. Romanyukha, D. Schauer and P. Starewicz, "In Vivo EPR Dosimetry to Quantify Exposures to Clinically Significant Doses of Ionizing Radiation," Radiation Protection Dosimetry 120:163-170 (2006).
402. A. Helisch, S. Wagner, N. Khan, S. Wolfram, M. Drinane, M. Heil, T. Ziegelhoeffer, U. Brandt, G. Bachmann, J.D. Pearlman, H.M. Swartz and W. Schaper, "Impact of Mouse Strain Differences in Innate Hindlimb Collateral Vasculature," Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis & Vascular Biol. 26: 520-526 (2006).
403. H. M. Swartz, "Seeing is Believing – Visualizing Drug Delivery In Vito and In Vivo," Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews 57:1085-1086 (2005).
404. M. Dinguizli, S. Jeumont, N. Beghein, J. He, T.M. Walczak, P.N. Lesniewski, H. Hou, O.Y. Grinberg, A. Sucheta, H.M. Swartz, and B. Gallez, "Development and Evaluation of Biocompatible Films of Polytetrafluoroethylene Polymers Holding Lithium Phthalocyanine for their Use in EPR Oximetry." Biosensors Bioelectronics 21:1015-1022 (2006).
405. N. Khan, B.B. Williams and H.M. Swartz, "Clinical Applications of In Vivo EPR: Rationale and Initial Results," Applied Magn. Reson. 30:185-199 (2006).
406. Z. Abramovic, J. Kristl, N. Khan, H. Hou, M. Sentjurc and H. Swartz, "Influence of Different Anesthetics on Skin Oxygenation Studied by Electron Paramagnetic Resonance In Vivo," Skin Pharmacology & Physiology, 20:77-84 (2007).
407. B.B. Williams, H. Hou, O.Y. Grinberg, E. Demidenko and H.M. Swartz, "High Spatial Resolution Multi-Site EPR Oximetry of Transient Focal Cerebral Ischemia in the Rat," Antioxidants & Redox Signaling 9:1691-1698 (2007).
408. J.M. Arbeit, J.M. Brown, K.S.C. Chao, J.D. Chapman, B. Croft, W.C. Eckelman, A.W. Fyles, A.J. Giaccia, R.P. Hill, J. Hoffman, C.J. Koch, M.C. Krishna, K.A. Krohn, J.S. Lewis, G. Liu, R.P. Mason, G. Melillo, A.R. Padhani, G. Powis, J.G. Rajendran, R. Reba, S.P. Robinson, G.L. Semenza, H. Stone, D. Sullivan, H.M. Swartz, P. Vaupel, and D. Yang, "Hypoxia: Importance in Tumor Biology, Noninvasive Measurement by Imaging, and Value of its Measurement in the Management of Cancer Therapy," International Journal of Radiation Biology, 82:699-757 (2006).
409. H.M. Swartz, "What is the Actual Heterogeneity to be Expected in Tumors – and How Can We Resolve It?" in "Hypoxia: Importance in Tumor Biology, Noninvasive Measurement by Imaging, and Value of Its Measurement in the Management of Cancer Therapy," International Journal of Radiation Biology, 82:711(2006).
410. H.M. Swartz, "In Vivo EPR Oximetry Based on Spectroscopy of Particulates," in Hypoxia: Importance in Tumor Biology, Noninvasive Measurement by Imaging, and Value of Its Measurement in the Management of Cancer Therapy," International Journal of Radiation Biology, 82:725-728 (2006).
411. H. M. Swartz, G. Burke, M. Coey, E. Demidenko, R. Dong, O. Grinberg, J. Hilton, A. Iwasaki, P. Lesniewski, M. Kmiec, K-M. Lo, R. J. Nicolalde, A. Ruuge, Y. Sakata, A. Sucheta, T. Walczak, B. B. Williams, C. Mitchell, A. Romanyukha and D. A. Schauer, "In Vivo EPR for Dosimetry." Radiation Measurements 42:1075-1084 (2007).
412. A. Romanyukha, F. Trompier, B. LeBlanc, C. Calas, I. Clairand, C. Mitchell, James G. Smirniotopoulos, H. Swartz, "EPR Dosimetry in Chemically Treated Fingernails." Radiation Measurements 42:1110-1113 (2007).
413. F. Trompier, L. Kornak, C. Calas, A. Romanyukha, B. LeBlanc, I. Clairand, C. A. Mitchell, H. Swartz, "Protocol for Emergency EPR Dosimetry in Fingernails." Radiation Measurements 42:1085-1088(2007).
414. B. B. Williams, A. Sucheta, R. Dong, Y. Sakata, A.i Iwasaki, G. Burke, O. Grinberg, P.Lesniewski, M. Kmiec and H. M. Swartz. "Experimental Procedures for Sensitive and Reproducible In Situ EPR Tooth Dosimetry," Radiation Measurements 42:1094-1098 (2007).
415. E. Demidenko, B. Williams, A. Sucheta, R. Dong and H. M. Swartz, "Radiation Dose Reconstruction from L-Band In Vivo EPR Spectroscopy of Intact Teeth: Comparison of Methods." Radiation Measurements. 42:1089-1093 (2007).
416. A. B. Flood, H.M. Swartz, S. Bhattacharyya, and J. Nicolalde, "Implementing EPR Dosimetry for Life-Threatening Incidents: Factors Beyond Technical Performance." Radiation Measurements 42:1099-1109 (2007).
417. A. Romanyukha, C.A. Mitchell, D.A. Schauer, L. Romanyukha, and H.M. Swartz, "Q-band EPR Biodosimetry in Tooth Enamel Microsamples: Feasibility Test and Comparison with X-band. Health Physics 93: 631-635 (2007).
418. O.Y. Grinberg, B.B. Williams, A.E. Ruuge, S.A. Grinberg, D.E. Wilcox, H.M. Swartz and J.H. Freed, "Oxygen effects on the EPR signals from wood charcoals: experimental results and the development of a model." J. Phys. Chem.111(46):13316-24 (2007).
419. H. Hou, N. Khan, O. Grinberg, H. Yu, S.A. Grinberg, S. Lu, E. Demidenko, R.P. Steffen, H.M. Swartz. "The Effects of EFAPROXYN™ (efaproxiral) on Subcutaneous RIF-1 Tumor Oxygenation and Enhancement of Radiotherapy Mediated Tumor Growth Inhibition in Mice." Radiat Res. 168:218-225 (2007).
420. H. Hou, O. Grinberg, B. Williams, S. Grinberg, H. Yu, D.L. Alvarenga, H. Wallach, J. Buckey and H.M. Swartz. "Effect of Oxygen Therapy on Brain Damage and Cerebral pO2 in Transient Focal Cerebral Ischemia in the Rat." Physiol. Measurement. 28:963-976 (2007).
421. R. Springett and H.M. Swartz, "Measurements of Oxygen In Vivo: Overview and Perspectives on Methods to Measure Oxygen within Cells and Tissues." Antioxidants & Redox Signaling 9:1295-1301 (2007).
422. N. Khan, B. Williams, H. Hou, H. Li and H.M. Swartz, "Repetitive Tissue pO2 Measurements by Electron Paramagnetic Resonance: Current Status and Future Potential for Experimental and Clinical Studies." Antioxidants & Redox Signaling 9:1169-1182 (2007).
423. H.M. Swartz, "On Tissue Oxygen and Hypoxia: An Editorial." Introduction to the Forum Issue. Antioxidants & Redox Signaling 9:1111-1113 (2007).
424. G. A. Alexander, H. M. Swartz, S. A. Amundson, W. F. Blakely, B. Buddemeire, B. Gallez, . Dainiak, R. E. Goans, R. B. Hayes, P. C. Lowry, M. A. Noska, P. Okunieff, A. L. Salner, D. A Schauer, F. Trompier, K. W Turteltaub, P. Voisin, A. L. Wiley Jr., and R. Wilkins. "Biodose-EPR-2006 Meeting: Acute Dosimetry Consensus Committee Recommendations on Biodosimetry Applicants in Events Involving Uses of Radiation by Terrorists and Radiation Accidents." Radiation Measurements. 42:972-996 (2007).
425. S. Das, N. Khan, S. Mukherjee, D. Bagchi, N. Gurusamy, H. Swartz and D. K. Das. "Redox Regulation of Reservatrol Mediated Switching of Death Signal into Survival Signal." Free Rad Biol & Med. 44:82-90 (2008).
426. M.I. Ibragimova, V. Petukhov, E.P. Zheglov, H. Hou, H.M. Swartz, G.V. Konjukhov and R.N. Nizamov, "Quinoid Radio-Toxin (QRT) Induced Metabolic Changes in Mice: An Ex Vivo and In Vivo EPR Investigation. Nitric Oxide 18: 216-222 (2008).
427. H. Fujii, K. Sakata, Y. Katsumata, R. Stao, M. Kinouchi, M. Someya, S. Masunaga, M. Hareyama, H.M. Swartz and H. Hirata, "Tissue Oxygenation in a Murine SCC VII Tumor after X-Ray Irradiation as Determined by EPR Spectroscopy," Radiother. Oncol. 86:354-360 (2008).
428. M. Patel, L. Liang, H. Hou, B.B. Williams, M. Kmiec, H. M. Swartz, J.P. Fessel and L.J. Roberts, "Seizure-Induced Formation of Isofurans: Novel Products of Lipid Peroxidation Whose Formation is Positively Modulated by Oxygen Tension," J of Neurochemistry 104:264-270 (2008).
429. R.A. Reyes, A. Romanyukha, F. Trompier, C.A. Mitchell, I. Clairand, T. De, L.A. Benevides and H.M. Swartz. "Electron Paramagnetic Resonance in Human Fingernails: The Sponge Model Implication." Radiat. Environ. Biophys. 47:515-516 (2008).
430. C. Lu, M. Rollins, H. Hou, H.M. Swartz, H. Hopf, T. Miclau and R.S. Marcucio. "Tibial Fracture Decreases Oxygen Levels at the Site of Injury." The Iowa Orthopaedic Journal. 14-20 (2008).
431. N. Khan, V. Khramtsov and H.M. Swartz, "Methods for Tissue pO2 Redox, pH and Glutathione Measurements by EPR Spectroscopy" in Handbook of the Methods for Studying Redox Signaling " in the Handbook of Methods in Redox Signaling, Dipak K Das (Ed.), Mary Ann Liebert, New York (2009)
432. F. Trompier, A. Romanyukha, L. Cornak, C. Calas, B. LeBlanc, C. Mitchell, H. Swartz and I. Clairand, "Electron Paramagnetic Resonance Radiation Dosimetry in Fingernails," Radiat. Measurements, Volume 44:1:6-10 Jan. (2009)
433. H. Hou, J.P. Lariviere, E. Demidenko, D. Gladstone, H. Swartz and N. Khan. "Repeated Tumor pO2 Measurements by Multi-Site EPR Oximetry as a Prognostic Marker for Enhanced Therapeutic Efficacy of Fractionated Radiotherapy.," Radiother. Oncol. 91:126-131(2009).
434. N. Khan, S.P. Mupparaju, D. Mintzopoulos, M. Kesarwani, V. Righi, L.G. Rahme, H.M. Swartz and A.A. Tzia,, "Burn Trauma in Skeletal Muscle Results in Oxidative Stress as Assessed by In Vivo Electron Paramagnetic Resonance," Molecular Medicine Reports 1: 813-819 (2008).
435. N. Khan, H. Li, H. Hou, J.P. Lariviere, D.J. Gladstone, E. Demidenko, H.M. Swartz, "Tissue pO2 of Orthotopic 9L and C6 Gliomas and Tumor Specific Response to Radiotherapy and Hyperoxygenation," Int. Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics. 1;73:878-85 Mar (2009). PMID 19136221
436. N. Khan, S.P. Mupparaju, H. Hou, J.P. Lariviere, E. Demidenko, H.M. Swartz and A.R. Eastman, "Radiotherapy in Conjunction with 7-Hydroxystaurosporine: A Multimodal Approach with Tumor pO2 as a Prognostic Marker of Therapeutic Response. Radiat Res. 2009 Nov;172:592-7. PMID: 19883227
437. S. Das, N. Khan, S. Mukherjee, D. Bagchi, N. Gurusamy, H.M. Swartz, and D.K. Das. "Redox Regulation of Resveratrol-Medicated Switching of Death Signal into Survival Signal. Free Rad. Biol. Med. 44:82-90 (2008).
438. H. Li, H.G. Hou, A. Sucheta, B.B. Williams, J.P. Lariviere, N. Khan, P. Lesniewski and H.M. Swartz, "Implantable Resonators: A Technique for Repeated Measurement of Oxygen at Multiple Deep Sites with In Vivo EPR," Adv. Exp. Med. Biol. 662: 265-272. (2010)
439. G. Meenakshisundaram, E. Eteshola, R. Pandian, A. Bratasz, K. Selvendiran, , S.C. Lee, MC Krishna, H.M. Swartz and P. Kuppusamy, "Oxygen Sensitivity and Biocompatibility of an Implantable Paramagnetic Probe for Repeated Measurements of Tissue Oxygenation," Biomedical Microdevices, 11:817-26. (2009)
440. Z. Abramovic, H. Hou, K. Julijana, M. Sentjurc, J.P. Lariviere, H.M. Swartz and N. Khan. "Topical formulations with vasodilators: an approach to modulate tumor hypoxia for potential therapeutic benefits." Adv. Exp. Med. Biol. 915:75-82 (2011).
441. H.M. Swartz, A.B. Flood, B.B. Williams, R.M. Gougelet, M.E. Rea, R.J. Nicolalde. "A Critical Assessment of Biodosimetry Methods for Large Scale Incidents," Health Physics, 98:95-108 (2010)
442. J.C. Doloff, N. Khan, J. Ma, E. Demidenko, H.M. Swartz and Y. Jounaidi, "Increased tumor oxygenation and drug uptake during anti-angiogenic weekly low dose cyclophosphamide enhances the anti-tumor effect of weekly tirapazamine," Current Cancer Drug Targets, 9:777-88. (2009)
444. Bin Liu, Xuehai Zhu, Chwen-Lih Chen, Keli Hu, Harold M. Swartz, Yeong-Renn Chen, and Guanglong He. Opening of the MitoKATP Channel and Decoupling of Mitochondrial Complex II and III Contribute to the Suppression of Myocardial Reperfusion Hyperoxygenation. Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry. (2010) 337:25-38.
445. Yuanjing Li, Ming Cai, Yi Xu, Harold M. Swartz, Guanglong He. Late Phase Ischemic Preconditioning Attenuates Hyperoxygenation in the Post-Ischemic Mouse Heart: An In Vivo EPR Oximetry Study. Life Sciences. 88: 57-64. (2011)
446. M.E. Rea, R.M. Gougelet, R.J. Nicolalde, J.A. Geiling, H.M. Swartz, "Proposed Triage Categories for Large-Scale Radiation Incidents Using High-Accuracy Biodosimetry Methods." Health Physics. 98:136-144. (2010)
447. R.M. Gougelet, M.E. Rea, R.J. Nicolalde, J.A. Geiling, H.M. Swartz, "The View From the Trenches Part 1: Emergency Medical Response Plans and the Need for EPR Screening," Health Physics. 98:118-127 (2010)
448. D. Wilcox, X. He, J. Gui, A.E. Ruuge, H. Li, B.B. Williams, H.M. Swartz, "Dosimetry Based on EPR Spectral Analysis of Fingernail Clippings," Health Physics, 98:309-317, (2010)
449. B.B. Williams, R. Dong, M. Kmiec, G. Burke, E. Demidenko, D. Gladstone, R.J. Nicolade, A. Sucheta, P. Lesniewski, H.M. Swartz, "Development of In Vivo Tooth EPR for Individual Radiation Dose Estimation and Screening," Health Physics. 98:327-338. (2010)
450. J.D. Pollock, B.B. Williams, J.W. Sidabras, O. Grinberg, I. Salikhov, P. Lesniewski, M. Kmiec, H.M. Swartz, "Surface Loop Resonator Design for In Vivo EPR Tooth Dosimetry Using Finite Element Analysis," Health Phys. 98:339-344.(2010)
451. R.J. Nicolalde, R.M. Gougelet, M. Rea, B.B .Williams, R. Dong, M. Kmiec, P.N. Lesniewski, H.M. Swartz, "The View From The Trenches: Part 2-Technical Considerations for EPR Screening," Health Physics. 98:128-35. (2010)
452. H. Suzuki, K. Tamukai, N. Yoshida, H. Ohya, K. Kato, K Anzai, H.M .Swartz, "Development of a Compact Electron Spin Resonance System for Measuring ESR Signals of Irradiated Fingernails," Health Physics 98:318-21. (2010)
453. E. Demidenko, BB Williams, H.M. Swartz. "Radiation Dose Prediction Using Data on Time to Emesis in the Case of Nuclear Terrorism," Radiation Research, 171(3):817-26. (2009)
454. H.M. Swartz, N. Khan, B.B. Williams, A.C. Hartford, B. Zaki, M. Ernstoff, J.C. Buckey, F.F. Gubaidullin, H. Hou, P. Lesniewski, M. Kmiec, O.Y. Grinberg, A. Sucheta, T. Walczak, "Clinical Applications of In Vivo EPR: EPR Oximetry" in Treasures of Eureka, Electron Paramagnetic Resonance From Fundamental Research To Pioneering Applications & Zavoisky Award, Volume 1, Axas Publishing, New Zealand, pp 178-179. (2009)
455. H.M. Swartz, G. Burke, M. Coey, E. Demidenko, R. Dong, O. Grinberg, J. Hilton, A. Iwasaki, P. Lesniewski, M. Kmiec, K. Lo, R.J. Nicolalde, A. Ruuge, Y. Sakata, A. Sucheta, T. Walczak, B.B. Williams, C. Mitchell, A. Romanyukha, and D. Schauer, " Use of EPR for Dosimetry After the Potential Exposure of Large Numbers of People to Doses of Radiation that are Potentially Life Threatening" in Treasures of Eureka, Electron Paramagnetic Resonance From Fundamental Research To Pioneering Applications & Zavoisky Award, Volume 1, Axas Publishing, New Zealand, pp 178-179. (2009)
456. B.B. Williams, N. Khan, B. Zaki, A. Hartford, M.S. Ernstoff, and H.M. Swartz, "Clinical Electron Paramagnetic Resonance (EPR) Oximetry Using India Ink," Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology, 662: 149-156. (2010).
457. H. Hou, Z. Abramovic, J.P. Lariviere, M. Sentjurc, H.M. Swartz, N. Khan, "Effect of a Topical Vasodilator on Tumor Hypoxia and Tumor Oxygen Guided Radiotherapy using EPR Oximetry, Radiation Research", 173, pp 651-8, (2010), PubMed PMID: 20426665.
458. Ming Cai, Yuanjing Li, Yi Xu, Harold M. Swartz, Chwen-Lih Chen, Yeong-Renn Chen, and Guanglong He, "Endothelial NOS Activity and Myocardial Oxygen Metabolism Define the Salvageable Ischemic Time Window for Ischemic Postconditioning" AJPHCP (2011) (Epub ahead of print.)
459. Flood AB, Nicolalde RJ, Demidenko E, Williams BB, Shapiro A, Wiley AL, Swartz HM. A framework for comparative evaluation of dosimetric methods to triage a large population following a radiological event. In press Radiation Measurements. 2011. DOI: 10.1016/j.radmeas.2011.02.019
460. Swartz HM, Williams BB, Nicolalde RJ, Demidenko E, Flood AB. Overview of Biodosimetry for Management of Unplanned Exposures to Ionizing Radiation. In press Radiation Measurements. 2011. DOI: 10.1016/j.radmeas.2011.03.011
461. Williams BB, Dong R, Flood AB, Grinberg O, Kmiec M, Lesniewski PN, Matthews TP, Nicolalde RJ, RaynoldsT, Salikhov I, Swartz HM. A deployable in vivo EPR tooth dosimeter for triage after a radiation event involving large populations. In press Radiation Measurements. 2011. doi:10.1016/j.radmeas.2011.03.009
462. He X, Gui J, Matthews TP, Williams BB, Swarts SG, Grinberg O, Sidabras J, Wilcox DE, Swartz HM Advances towards using finger/toenail dosimetry to triage a large population after potential exposure to ionizing radiation. In Press Radiation Measurements 2011.
463. Jeff F. Dunn, Mohammad N. Khan, Huagang G. Hou, Jennifer Merlis, Michelle A. Abajian, Eugene Demidenko, Oleg Y. Grinberg, Harold M. Swartz. vCerebral Oxygenation in Awake Rats during Acclimation and Deacclimation to Hypoxia: An In Vivo Electron Paramagnetic Resonance Study. High Altitude Medicine & Biology 12: 71-77 (2011)
464. Hou HG, Li HB, Dong RH, Mupparaju SP, Khan N, Swartz HM. Cerebral oxygenation of the cortex and caudate putamen following normobaric hyperoxia and mild hypoxia in the rats-EPR oximetry with multi-probe implantable resonators Adv Exp Med Biol. Adv Exp Med Biol. 915:61-7 (2011)
465. Mupparaju S, Hou H, Lariviere JP, Swartz HM, Khan N. Tumor pO(2) as a Surrogate Marker to Identify Therapeutic Window during Metronomic Chemotherapy of 9L Gliomas. Adv Exp Med Biol. 915:107-13, 2011.
466. Mupparaju S, Hou H, Lariviere JP, Swartz H, Jounaidi Y, Khan N. Repeated tumor oximetry to identify therapeutic window during metronomic cyclophosphamide treatment of 9L gliomas. Oncol Rep. Oncol Rep 26: 281-286, 2011.
467. Khan N, Blinco JP, Bottle SE, Hosokaway K, Swartz HM, Micallef AS "The evaluation of new and isotopically labeled isoindoline nitroxides and an azaphenalene nitroxide for EPR oximetry" J Magn Reson Aug;211(2):170-7, 2011.
468. Abramovic Z, Hou H, Julijana K, Sentjurc M, Lariviere JP, Swartz HM, Khan N. "Modulation of tumor hypoxia by topical formulations with vasodilators for enhancing therapy" Adv Exp Med Biol. 915:75-82, 2011.
469. Hou H, Dong R, Lariviere JP, Mupparaju SP, Swartz HM, Khan N. Synergistic Combination of Hyperoxygenation and Radiotherapy by Repeated Assessments of Tumor pO(2) with EPR Oximetry. J Radiat Res. 2011 Jul 29. [Epub ahead of print]
470. Lu C, Saless N, Hu D, Wang X, Xing Z, Hou H, Williams B, Swartz HM, Colnot C, Miclau T, Marcucio RS. Mechanical stability affects angiogenesis during early fracture healing. .J Orthop Trauma. 2011 Aug;25(8):494-9.