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Learn more about how the Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education (ORISE) is stimulating advancements in science through news articles that illustrate our commitment to strengthening science education and workforce development, worker health research, environmental stewardship, and radiation emergency medical assistance and training.
Nathan Howard, research scientist at MIT’s Plasma Science and Fusion Center (PSFC), has won the 2019 Nuclear Fusion Award from the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) for a paper that explains heat losses due to turbulence in the core of magnetically confined fusion plasmas. Howard authored the winning paper as a postdoc supported by the Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education (ORISE).
It's critical to plan 20-25 years in advance for the jobs of tomorrow, according to Craig Layman, associate director for workforce development for the Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education. But how can you start to develop a roadmap for that far into the future when it's a struggle to fill some of the jobs of today?
Kimberly Smith, a senior at Stone Memorial High School, used her engineering skills to solve a common high school problem: students toying with gas valves in chemistry classrooms. The project not only earned her high marks in her engineering class but also took first place in the Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education November 3D Printer Design Challenge.
While some teachers certainly take off to recharge their batteries each summer, for some, there is no academic off-season and for a choice few, part of their summer vacation included a trip to the U.S. Army Research, Development and Engineering Chemical & Biological (RDECOM C&B) Center at Aberdeen Proving Ground, Maryland. The Joint Science and Technology Institute is a two-week STEM-intensive program took teachers out of the classroom and into the labs with the opportunity to experience real-world laboratory science and gain practical knowledge they can take back to their schools and apply in their lessons with students.
Three Oak Ridge non-profits worked together Thursday to help the world's most vulnerable as part of a campaign called "Rise Against Hunger." More than 100 volunteers worked together to pack 20,000 nutritious meals, following an assembly-line process. The dehydrated meals consist of rice, soy, vegetables and 23 essential vitamins and minerals.
More than 100 Oak Ridge volunteers bustled about tables, passing sachets of food back and forth at an Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education warehouse Thursday.
News about participants in ORISE internships, fellowships, and other research opportunities
What is it like to be an ORISE participant? One of the best ways to learn about the important research participants are conducting during their assignments is to read about their experiences in their own words and as published by news media across the country. These news features illustrate how current and previous research participants are making a positive impact on current and future science.
A new Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) study found that smoking in the three months prior to assisted reproductive technology (ART) treatment was associated with higher adjusted odds of cycle cancellation resulting in no embryo transfer and cancellations before fresh oocyte retrieval or frozen embryo transfer. Associations between smoking and selected ART clinical outcomes are described in an article published in Journal of Women’s Health.
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
ORISE participant Hanna Demeke co-authored a study that found non-U.S.-born blacks achieved higher HIV care outcomes than U.S.-born blacks, despite delayed entry to care. Possible explanations include a late-stage presentation that requires immediate linkage and optimal treatment and care provided through government-funded programs.
Matthew D. Stocker, an ORISE participant, is co-author of research that examines spatial patterns of Escherichia coli in freshwater sediments to evaluate the impact of sediment resuspension on microbial water quality in watersheds.
Dr. Aaron Michael Shew, a Postdoctoral Fellow at the Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education, USDA Agricultural Research Service, University of Arkansas Centre for Advanced Spatial Technologies, investigates consumer valuations of biotech rice interventions associated with insect resistance. His research contributes significantly to an understanding of consumer preferences for conventional and advanced biotechnology products.
Participants in cryptocurrency networks like Bitcoin need to be better at preempting beneficial software changes. This will ensure the security and privacy of addresses and transactions, and help retain the value of cryptocurrencies, says Benjamin Trump (ORISE Fellow, United States Army Corps of Engineers). He is the lead author of a study in Springer’s journal Environment Systems and Decisions, which analyzes the governance challenges of many cryptocurrencies and explains why such challenges threaten the long-term usefulness of such cryptocurrencies.
Kathryn A. Meyer, an ORISE Fellow, contributed to research that suggests that fish age is an important variable when assessing contaminant trends and that the U.S. EPA's Great Lakes Fish Monitoring and Surveillance Program needed to revise its compositing scheme to group fish according to age, rather than by length, prior to homogenization and chemical analysis.
Mbabazi Kariisa, an ORISE Fellow, contributed to a report that is the first-of-its-kind to use medical examiner and coroner reports across multiple states and provides information that can be used to better inform prevention and response programs related to opioid overdose deaths.
The U.S. Army Medical Research Institute of Chemical Defense (MRICD) closed out its 2018 Science & Engineering Apprenticeship Program, or SEAP, on August 10 with scientific presentations from 14 of its 15 SEAP students, one having already finished the program to attend school. SEAP is a springboard into other internships and opportunities at the MRICD. About 20 to 25 percent of the students who intern at the MRICD through SEAP return as ORISE interns while attending college or post-baccalaureate to prepare for graduate or medical school.
Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society
ORISE-funded researchers studied the occurance of youth camp–associated AGE outbreaks as a result of numerous pathogens. Researchers found that these outbreaks are facilitated by factors that include improper food preparation, inadequate cleaning and disinfection, shared accommodations, and contact with animals.
Katherine Broadway, a Virginia Tech graduate student in the Department of Biological Sciences is researching a tumor-targeting microbe that can be injected into the bloodstream. This microbe attaches to cancerous tissue, avoiding healthy tissue. When the microbe colonizes the tumor, it attracts the immune system, which then destroys the tumor.
Haijun Zhao, a participant with the USDA Agricultural Research Service, worked with a team of scientists that discovered a never-before-described gene that gives rice resistance to a disease that has been costing about $66 billion a year in global damage.
Janet Reyna, ORISE science and technology policy fellow at the U.S. Department of Energy, is quoted in an article citing a report from the Southeast Florida Regional Climate Change Compact that to the impact of household electricity consumption.
Doctoral student Erik Palmer returned to his hometown of Berkeley, Calif., to perform research on multiphase flows at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, made possible through the NSF's Mathematical Sciences Graduate Internship Program.
Kasey Bray, participant in the NSF’s Mathematical Sciences Graduate Internship Program at the DOE’s Nevada National Security Site, spent her summer developing a method of analysis for researchers studying nuclear material properties.
The Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education (ORISE) is a U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) asset that is dedicated to enabling critical scientific, research, and health initiatives of the department and its laboratory system by providing world class expertise in STEM workforce development, scientific and technical reviews, and the evaluation of radiation exposure and environmental contamination.
ORISE is managed by ORAU, a 501(c)(3) nonprofit corporation and federal contractor, for DOE’s Office of Science. The single largest supporter of basic research in the physical sciences in the United States, the Office of Science is working to address some of the most pressing challenges of our time. For more information, please visit science.osti.gov.