U.S. Department of Energy

2017 Occupational Radiation Exposure Dashboard

Welcome to the interactive data explorer that allows users to quickly examine information on occupational radiation exposure information at the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). The objective of this tool is for users to be able to walk through the standard metrics and information collected by the Radiation Exposure Monitoring System (REMS) in an interactive, organized, and inter-related series of graphics to provide a comprehensive overview of radiation exposure at DOE.

To interact with the data explorer, hover over any of the graphics on the screen and click on your selection for more information. Once the selected graphic is open, roll the cursor over data to enable a pop-up screen with more detailed information. When you have completed your review of the graphic, please click on the 'back' button located in the bottom left-hand corner of the graphic.

If you have any comments, questions, or suggestions concerning this tool, please contact Nimi Rao at DOE EHSS at nimi.rao@hq.doe.gov.

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Radiation Exposure Monitoring System

Query Tool

The REMS Query Tool is intended to provide quick and easy access to summary information on radiation exposure at DOE facilities. A query tool such as this is often referred to as a "Data Mart". A simple 4-step process allows the user to view and extract the most commonly requested information on occupational exposure from 1986 to the present.

  1. Select the data items of interest
  2. Select the data filters, such as a range of years, a specific site, or a reporting organization
  3. Group the data to sum it in the order of your preference
  4. View the results in a table format, or download as an Excel file

The REMS Query Tool is updated each year as annual data is collected from the sites or when the sites submit updated records. It is therefore the best place to access the most up-to-date occupational exposure data.

REMS Query Tool

During 2017

Increases in the dose and number of individuals with measurable dose were the result of increased activities involving radioactive materials, particularly at the DOE sites that comprise the majority of DOE collective dose.

  • DOE facilities continued to comply with DOE dose limits and ACL and worked to minimize exposure to individuals.
  • The number of individuals with measurable dose increased 9 percent.
  • The collective TED increased 7 percent from 709 person-rem (7,090 person-mSv) in 2016 to 761 person-rem (7,610 person-mSv) in 2017.
  • The collective CED (internal exposure) increased by 7 percent from 61.5 person-rem (615 person-mSv) in 2016 to 66.0 person-rem (660 person-mSv) in 2017, mainly as a result of an  increase in internal dose at Y-12.  Uranium-234 (U-234) accounted for the largest percentage of the collective CED, with over 99 percent of this dose accrued at Y-12.

Over the past 5 years

In 2013, budgetary restrictions and a government shutdown effectively decreased dose exposure activities. In 2014, solid waste work was curtailed due to a contamination release event; and a change in work scope to increase the distance between workers and source terms both contributed to a decrease in collective TED.  In 2015, there were increased cleanup activities at several sites across the DOE complex, SPRU in particular. This resulted in a 20 percent increase in collective TED from 2014 to 2015. In 2017, programmatic work at LANL and WIPP resumed after a work pause.

  • The collective dose decreased 3 of the last 5 years, but increased 7 percent from 2016 to 2017, and the size of the monitored workforce increased by more than 2 percent from 2016 to 2017.
  • The number of individuals with measurable dose increased 31 percent (increased by 3,119 individuals) over the past 5 years.
  • The collective TED increased by 21 percent (increased by 133 person-rem) from 2013 to 2017.
  • Collective internal CED increased by 48 percent (increased by 21.3 person-rem) over the past 5 years.

25th Anniversary Report

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On November 4, 1968, the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) began requiring annual statistical summary reporting of occupational radiation exposure to a central repository at AEC Headquarters. Facilities considered having the greatest potential for significant occupational doses submitted reports that included the number of individuals who were monitored per dose range and a cumulative radiation exposure report for individuals who terminated employment during the year. 

In January 1975, the AEC split into the Energy Research and Development Administration (ERDA) and the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC). Each agency assumed responsibility for collecting and maintaining occupational radiation exposure information reported by facilities under its jurisdiction.  ERDA was replaced by the Department of Energy (DOE) in 1977.   Each agency established Privacy Act Systems of Records for providing records to federal facilities for monitoring and/or evaluating an individual’s occupational radiation exposure.  NRC manages the Radiation Exposure Information and Reporting System (REIRS). DOE manages the Radiation Exposure Monitoring System (REMS) which serves as the central repository of occupational radiation exposure records from 1987 to the present for all DOE employees, contractors, subcontractors, and members of the public in areas monitored for radiation exposure. 

Since 1998, DOE and NRC have an ongoing Protective Agreement for Exchange of Information (PA) to comply with prior regulatory dose requirements in both agencies.  These requests often pertain to worker exposures at both NRC and DOE facilities.  The PA facilitates timely responses to these requests.  For this reason the databases of both agencies are managed by the Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education (ORISE) in Oak Ridge, TN.

Historical perspective

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historical-perspective.png                                                                                

Note: Scroll over the bar for each year to see changes with respect to the Sites, Policy, or Geopolitical.

The average and collective dose at DOE facilities has experienced a dramatic (93 percent) decrease coinciding with the end of the Cold War era, due to:

  • The DOE mission shift from weapons production to stabilization, waste management, and environmental remediation activities;
  • Consolidation and remediation of facilities across the complex to meet the new mission; and
  • Improved regulations with an increased focus on ALARA practices and risk reduction.

Note: click on graph for detailed information

Components of TED

Components of TED

Collective CED by Radionuclide

Collective CED by Radionuclide

Average Measurable TED

Average Measurable TED

Air Sampling Measurements

Air Sampling Measurements

Bioassay Measurements

Bioassay Measurements

Number of Individuals with Measurable CED, Collective CED, and Average Measurable CED

Number of Individuals with Measurable CED, Collective CED, and Average Measurable CED
DOE Complex Wide
Site Data

Collective TED by Site

Collective TED by Site

Site Dose Data Comparison

Site Dose Data Comparison

Components of TED

Components of TED                              
  • The collective TED increased at DOE by 7 percent from 708.9 person‑rem (7,089 person‑mSv) in 2016 to 761.5 person‑rem (7,615 person‑mSv) in 2017.
  • The internal dose component of the collective TED increased by 7 percent from 61.5 person‑rem (615 person‑mSv) in 2016 to 66.0 person‑rem (660 person‑mSv) in 2017.
  • The collective photon dose increased by 4 percent from 554.5 person‑rem (5,545 person‑mSv) in 2016 to 577.3 person‑rem (5.773 person‑mSv) in 2017.
  • The neutron component of the collective TED increased by 27 percent from 92.9 person‑rem (929 person‑mSv) in 2016 to 118.2 person‑rem (1,182 person‑mSv) in 2017.
  • Fourteen of the 34 DOE sites reported increases in the collective TED from the 2016 values, and 20 of the 34 DOE sites reported decreases in the collective TED from the 2016 values.
  • The five sites that contributed most (84 percent) of the DOE collective TED in 2017 were (in descending order of collective TED):  SRS—27 percent; Oak Ridge—26 percent (including East Tennessee Technology Park [ETTP], Y-12, ORNL, and Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education [ORISE]); LANL—25 percent; Idaho Site—12 percent (including Advanced Mixed Waste Treatment Project [AMWTP], Idaho Cleanup Project [ICP], and Idaho National Laboratory [INL]); and Hanford—10 percent (including the Hanford Site, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory [PNNL], and Office of River Protection [ORP]).

Collective CED by Radionuclide

Collective CED by Radionuclide        

Scroll over text for additional information

  • Uranium-234 (U-234) accounted for the largest percentage of the collective CED
  • Over 99% of this dose was accrued at Y-12 due to Enriched Uranium Operations

Number of Individuals with Measurable CED, Collective CED, and Average Measurable CED

Number of Individuals with Measurable CED, Collective CED, and Average Measurable CED      
  • The number of individuals with measurable CED increased by 3 percent from 1,241 in 2016 to 1,282 in 2017.
  • The average measurable CED increased from 0.050 rem (0.500 mSv) in 2016 to 0.051 rem (0.510 mSv) in 2017 and remained slightly above the 5-year average measurable CED.
  • Ninety-nine percent of the collective CED in 2017 was from uranium intakes at Y-12 during the operation and management of Enriched Uranium Operations facilities at the site.

Average Measurable TED

Average Measurable TED          
  • The average measurable dose to DOE workers, a key radiation dose indicator, is calculated by dividing the collective dose (in this case, TED) by the number of individuals with measurable dose for TED.
  • The average measurable TED decreased by less than 1 percent from 0.059 rem (0.590 mSv) in 2016 to 0.058 rem (0.580 mSv) in 2017.

Air Sampling Measurements

Air Sampling Measurements  
  • The majority of the measurements reported as “Air Sampling” accounted for 22 percent of the total measurements.
  • Waste Isolation Pilot Plant had the largest percentage increase in the number of “Air Sampling” measurements, increasing from 8 air samples in 2016, to 88 air samples in 2017.

Note: The numbers shown are based on the number of measurements taken and not the number of individuals monitored. Measurements reported in "Air Sampling" are used to calculate the amount of airborne radioactive material taken into the body and the resultant internal dose.

Bioassay Measurements

Bioassay Measurements      
  • Two sites, SRS and Hanford, accounted for 53 percent of the “In Vivo” measurements.
  • Sixty-six percent of the “Urinalysis” measurements in 2017 were performed at four sites:  Y-12, SRS, Paducah Gaseous Diffusion Plant (PGDP), and Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL).
  • The Pacific Northwest National Laboratory had the largest percentage increase (12 percent) in the number of “Urinalysis” measurements in 2017. 
  • Y-12 performed the largest number of bioassay and air sampling measurements combined, comprising 36 percent of the total measurements taken.

Note: The numbers shown are based on the number of measurements taken and not the number of individuals monitored. Measurements reported under "In Vivo" include direct measurements of the radioactive material in the body of the monitored person. 

Collective TED by Site

Collective TED by Site                                                                      

Site Dose Data Comparison

  2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Site Collective Ted
(person-rem)
Percent Change from 2012 Collective Ted
(person-rem)
Percent Change from 2013 Collective Ted
(person-rem)
Percent Change from 2014 Collective Ted
(person-rem)
Percent Change from 2015 Collective Ted
(person-rem)
Percent Change from 2016
Ames Laboratory Ames Laboratory is a government-owned, contractor-operated research facility of the U.S. Department of Energy. For more than 60 years, the Ames Laboratory has sought solutions to energy-related problems through the exploration of chemical, engineering, materials, mathematical, and physical sciences. 0.730 0.873 1.247 1.240 -1% 1.053 -15%
Argonne National Laboratory Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) is one of the U.S. Department of Energy's largest national laboratories for scientific and engineering research. The lab's mission is to apply a unique mix of world-class science, engineering, and user facilities to deliver innovative research and technologies. 13.091 -38% 16.492 26% 14.818 -10% 13.080 -12% 9.885 -24%
Brookhaven National Laboratory Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) conducts research in the physical, biomedical, and environmental sciences, as well as in energy technologies and national security . BNL also builds and operates major scientific facilities available to university, industry, and government researchers. 6.988 -12% 7.282 4% 3.345 -54% 3.217 6.087 89%
Energy Technology Engineering Center The Energy Technology Engineering Center (ETEC) is located within area IV of the Santa Susana Field Laboratory (SSFL). The SSFL is comprised of four discrete operational areas with two adjacent undeveloped properties. In 1988, DOE decided to close the remaining ETEC operations. With the closing of DOE operations, the focus turned to the disposition of government property, cleanup of facilities, the investigation and remediation of soil and groundwater, demolition of facilities, and site restoration. Area IV is undergoing characterization for cleanup of the area. ETEC is currently in a safe shutdown mode, pending the completion of the Environmental Impact Statement. 0.479 0.489 0.068 0.089 0.026
Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (Fermilab) advances the understanding of the fundamental nature of matter and energy by providing leadership and resources for qualified researchers to conduct basic research at the frontiers of high-energy physics and related disciplines. 19.750 24% 11.070 -44% 16.640 50% 11.930 -28% 10.210 -14%
Grand Junction The Grand Junction disposal site was transferred to the Office of Legacy Management in 2003. Legacy Management manages the site according to a site-specific Long-Term Surveillance and Maintenance Plan.                 0.100
Hanford:                    
Hanford Site The United States Department of Energy's (DOE's) Hanford Site sits on 586-square-miles in the desert of southeastern Washington State. The area is home to nine former nuclear reactors and their associated processing facilities that were built beginning in 1943. Hanford reactors produced plutonium from 1944 until 1987. Today, Hanford workers are involved in an environmental cleanup project and remediation of the site. 50.081 -14% 40.715 -19% 62.612 54% 41.095 -34% 27.003 -34%
Office of River Protection The DOE ORP mission is to retrieve and treat Hanford's waste and close the tank farms to protect the Columbia River. The chemical and radioactive waste is currently stored in 171 large underground tanks. ORP and its contractors are removing and transferring this waste from the older single-shell tanks to the newer double-shell tanks. This transfer of waste is to reduce the environmental risk posed by the older tanks. The cornerstone of the tank waste cleanup project is the Waste Treatment Plant (WTP). The WTP will use a technology called vitrification to immobilize chemical and radioactive waste in an exceptionally sturdy form of glass to isolate it from the environment. 18.228 -15% 14.653 -20% 38.608 163% 37.102 -4% 24.387 -34%
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Located in Richland, Washington, PNNL is one of 10 national laboratories managed by DOE's Office of Science (SC). The laboratory provides the facilities, unique scientific equipment, and world-renowned scientists and engineers to strengthen U.S. scientific foundations through fundamental research and innovation. Approximately 4,900 people are employed at PNNL. In addition to the Richland campus, PNNL operates a marine research facility in Sequim, Washington, and satellite offices in Seattle and Tacoma, Washington, Portland, Oregon, and Washington, D.C. 14.550 -18% 14.634 1% 12.581 -14% 11.599 -8% 13.555 17%
Idaho Site The Department of Energy Idaho Operations (DOE-ID) Office oversees operations conducted at the Idaho National Laboratory (INL) site for the Department of Energy (DOE). DOE-ID oversees three major contracts to ensure that operations and research activities are carried out safely, and in compliance with laws, regulations and contract provisions. DOE-ID also performs procurement services for the department, protects and conserves government property, and performs other inherently federal functions. DOE-ID consists of a 890-square-mile site located 38 miles west of Idaho Falls as well as various research facilities inside the town. The primary focus of activities at the Idaho Site is nuclear energy research and development. 71.814 17% 86.202 20% 123.232 43% 92.670 -25% 78.946 -15%
Kansas City National Security Campus The NNSA Kansas City National Security Campus (KC-NSC) is responsible for manufacturing and procuring nonnuclear components for nuclear weapons, including electronic, mechanical, and engineered material components. It supports national laboratories, universities, and U.S. industry, and is located in Kansas City, Missouri. 0.001 0.022 0.020 0.063 0.171
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Lawrence Berkeley National Lab (LBNL) is a member of the national laboratory system supported by the U.S. Department of Energy through its Office of Science and is charged with conducting unclassified research across a wide range of scientific disciplines. Located on a 200-acre site, Berkeley Lab employs approximately 4,200 scientists, engineers, support staff, and students. 0.623 0.463 0.796 0.823 1.257 53%
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) is a DOE facility that serves as a national resource of scientific, technical, and engineering capability with a special focus on national security. LLNL's mission encompasses such areas as strategic defense, energy, the environment, biomedicine, technology transfer, education, counter-terrorism, and emergency response. Support of these operations requires the use of a wide range of radiation-producing devices (e.g., x-ray machines, accelerators, electron-beam welders) and radioactive material. The types of radioactive materials range from tritium to transuranic; the quantities range from nanocuries (i.e., normal environmental background values) to kilocuries. 8.584 -34% 8.871 3% 8.123 -8% 8.215 3% 7.134 -13%
Los Alamos National Laboratory Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) conducts radiological operations in active facilities, storage facilities, facilities with legacy radiological concerns, and inactive facilities and areas destined for decommissioning. Radiological activities include programmatic and production work; facility construction, modification, and maintenance; and research, development, and testing. 138.734 -1% 95.436 -31% 97.209 2% 95.565 -2% 160.772 68%
National Renewable Energy Laboratory The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) focuses on creative answers to today's energy challenges. From fundamental science and energy analysis to validating new products for the commercial market, NREL researchers are dedicated to transforming the way the world uses energy. With more than 35 years of successful innovation in energy efficiency and renewable energy, NREL discoveries provide sustainable alternatives for powering homes, businesses, and transportation systems. 0.068 0.107 0.028 0.034 0.020
Nevada National Security Site The Nevada National Security Site (NNSS) is located approximately 65 miles northwest of Las Vegas. It is a remote facility that covers approximately 1,375 square miles of land. The NNSS has been the primary location for testing nuclear experiments in the continental United States since 1951. Current activities include operating low-level radioactive and mixed waste disposal facilities; assembly and execution of subcritical experiments; confined critical experiments; assembly/disassembly of special experiments; operation of pulsed x-ray machines and neutron generators; accelerator experiments; development, testing, and evaluation of radiation detectors; emergency response training; surface cleanup and site characterization of contaminated land areas; environmental activity; and non-nuclear test operations such as controlled spills of hazardous materials. 3.218 -25% 5.638 75% 5.045 -11% 3.295 -35% 3.858 17%
New Brunswick Laboratory The New Brunswick Laboratory (NBL) is a Government-owned, Government-operated center of excellence in the measurement science of nuclear materials. Specific operations involving radioactive material include destructive and nondestructive measurements of nuclear materials including plutonium and uranium. Additionally, NBL conducts research to develop improved measurement technology applied to nuclear materials and management of interlaboratory measurement evaluation programs. 0.012 0.023 0.000 0.096    
Oak Ridge:                    
East Tennessee Technology Park The East Tennessee Technology Park (ETTP) was originally named "The Oak Ridge Gaseous Diffusion Plant." As part of the Manhattan Project, the Plant was designed to produce enriched uranium for use in atomic weapons operations during World War II. After the war, this Plant was renamed the Oak Ridge K-25 Site and produced enriched uranium for the commercial nuclear power industry from 1945 to 1985. In 1987, DOE renamed the site the East Tennessee Technology Park (ETTP) and began a major environmental cleanup project with the long-term goal of converting ETTP into a private industrial park. Cleanup activities are being conducted and as cleanup is completed, DOE transfers ownership of the uncontaminated buildings for immediate private industrial use. 0.040 0.004 0.059 0.114 0.093
Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education ORISE is a DOE institute focusing on scientific initiatives to research health risks from occupational hazards, assess environmental cleanup, respond to radiation medical emergencies, support national security and emergency preparedness, and educate the next generation of scientists. 0.083 0.210 0.122 0.171 0.243
Oak Ridge National Laboratory ORNL is a multiprogramming science and technology laboratory. ORNL's mission is to deliver scientific discoveries and technical breakthroughs that will accelerate the development and deployment of solutions in clean energy and global security, and in doing so create economic opportunity for the nation. ORNL also performs other work for the DOE, including isotope production, information management, and technical program management, and provides research and technical assistance to other organizations. 74.531 -5% 71.304 -4% 59.959 -16% 69.378 16% 87.621 26%
Y-12 National Security Complex Y-12 is one of four production facilities in the National Nuclear Security Administration's Nuclear Security Enterprise. The facility's emphasis is the processing and storage of uranium and development of technologies associated with those activities. Decades of precision machining experience make Y-12 a production facility with capabilities unequaled nationwide. Y-12 maintains the safety, security and effectiveness of the U.S. nuclear weapons stockpile and processes highly enriched uranium for the Naval Nuclear Propulsion Program. 50.136 -15% 59.296 18% 58.010 -2% 72.807 26% 75.890 4%
Office of Secure Transportation The Office of Secure Transportation (OST) is the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) organization tasked to provide secure ground transportation of nuclear weapons, special nuclear material (SNM), nuclear weapon components, and nuclear explosive-like assemblies. OST operates both secure ground transporters and Federal aircraft, which combined make up the Transportation Safeguards System (TSS). TSS Federal Agent and vehicle maintenance facilities are located in Oak Ridge, Tennessee, Amarillo, Texas, and Albuquerque, New Mexico. OST Administrative Headquarters are located on Kirtland Air Force Base in Albuquerque, New Mexico. The TSS is a national security transportation asset specifically assigned to transport cargoes in the national interest for which commercial carriage is largely prohibited. OST is also tasked to be the Federal air carrier to support US weapon accident, national nuclear, and radiological response capability. In support of the active U.S. nuclear weapon stockpile, OST delivers by air and ground limited life components to the Department of Defense and NNSA production sites. OST also provides secure ground transportation services to other DOE and NNSA program offices, to the Department of the Navy, and to the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC), as well as when requested to other Federal agencies. Federal Agents provide physical security and safety inspection of air and ground transporters and cargoes and thus are primarily the OST employees enrolled in the OST dosimetry monitorinq proqram. 0.176 0.090 0.029 0.072 0.311
Paducah Gaseous Diffusion Plant The Paducah Gaseous Diffusion Plant (PGDP) is located 3 miles south of the Ohio River and is 12 miles west of Paducah, Kentucky. The plant began enriching uranium in 1952 first for the nation's nuclear weapons program, then for nuclear fuel for commercial power plants. Since that time, the plant has run continuously. Paducah remains the only operating gaseous diffusion uranium enrichment plant in the United States. 6.450 8% 10.306 60% 7.058 -32% 6.201 -12% 5.159 -17%
Pantex Plant The DOE/NNSA Pantex Plant is the nation's only facility for assembly and disassembly of nuclear explosives. The operations that contribute the majority of the dose to Pantex Plant workers are operations that expose them to large numbers of bare weapon pits (the pits contain significant quantities of Special Nuclear Materials). These operations include nuclear explosive assembly/disassembly operations, weapon dismantlement programs, life-extension programs, Special Nuclear Material Component Requalification, and Special Nuclear Material staging. 21.829 -34% 31.084 42% 22.618 -27% 25.918 15% 24.986 -4%
Portsmouth Gaseous Diffusion Plant The Portsmouth Gaseous Diffusion Plant (PORTS) is located in Pike County, Ohio, in southern central Ohio. PORTS was one of three large gaseous diffusion plants initially constructed to produce enriched uranium to support the nation's nuclear weapons program and later enriched uranium used by commercial nuclear reactors. 8.634 22% 10.302 19% 4.716 -54% 2.509 -47% 2.553 2%
Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory The U.S. Department of Energy's Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL) is a collaborative national center for fusion energy research. The Laboratory advances the coupled fields of fusion energy and plasma physics research and with collaborators, is developing the scientific understanding and key innovations needed to realize fusion as an energy source for the world. 0.339 0.693 0.623 0.311 0.361
Sandia National Laboratory Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) radiological operations include operation of a research reactor, gamma irradiation facility, hot cell facility, several accelerators, light laboratory work involving x-ray machines and use of tracer radionuclides, and waste operations. 4.260 -1% 5.982 40% 5.284 -12% 2.756 -48% 2.146 -22%
Savannah River Site The Savannah River Site (SRS) was constructed during the early 1950s to produce the basic materials used in the fabrication of nuclear weapons, primarily tritium and plutonium-239, in support of our nation's defense programs. Five reactors were built to produce these materials. Also built were a number of support facilities including two chemical separations plants, a heavy water extraction plant, a nuclear fuel and target fabrication facility, a tritium extraction facility and waste management facilities. 88.623 -39% 93.027 5% 95.074 2% 111.338 17% 172.546 55%
Separations Process Research Unit The Separations Process Research Unit (SPRU) is located at Knolls Atomic Power Laboratory (KAPL) based in upstate New York. Built in the 1940s, the buildings supported the SPRU mission to research the chemical process to extract plutonium from irradiated materials. Although equipment was flushed and drained and bulk waste was removed following the shutdown of the facilities in 1953, residual materials are present in the tanks, buildings H2 and G2, and interconnecting pipe tunnels. 2.927 9.338 219% 69.291 642% 47.541 -31% 5.185 -89%
SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory (SLAC) scientific mission centers around experimental and theoretical research in elementary particle physics using accelerated electron beams and a broad program of research in atomic and solid-state physics, chemistry, and biology using synchrotron radiation from accelerated electron beams. The main instrument of research is the 3.2-km linear accelerator, which can generate high-intensity beams of electrons and positrons up to 50 GeV. 0.255 0.246 0.069 0.170 0.057
Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (TJNAF) is one of 17 national laboratories funded by DOE. TJNAF's primary mission is to conduct basic research of the atom's nucleus using the unique particle accelerator known as the Continuous Electron Beam Accelerator Facility. 1.503 -23% 4.452 196% 3.348 -29% 0.777 0.270
Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action Project The Uranium Mill Tailings Remediation Action Project (UMTRA) site is located approximately 3 miles northwest of Moab in Grand County, Utah, and includes a former uranium-ore processing facility. The site encompasses 480 acres, of which approximately 130 acres are covered by a uranium mill tailings pile. The UMTRA Project ships one trainload of tailings each day. The trains have up to 36 railcars, each holding four lidded containers, for a total of about 5,000 tons of tailings per shipment. Tailing shipments began in April 2009 and are expected to continue through 2025. 7.407 -3% 7.756 5% 7.177 -7% 7.044 -2% 5.656 -20%
Waste Isolation Pilot Plant The Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) is located in the Chihuahuan Desert near Carlsbad, New Mexico. This DOE facility safely disposes of the nation's defense-related transuranic radioactive waste. WIPP began disposal operations in March 1999. 0.552 0.034 0.161 0.311 0.279
West Valley Demonstration Project The West Valley Demonstration Project (WVDP) is a unique operation within DOE. It came into being through the West Valley Demonstration Project Act of 1980. The Act requires that the Department is responsible for solidifying the high-level waste, disposing of waste created by the solidification and decommissioning the facilities used in the process. The land and facilities are not owned by the Department. Rather, the project premises are the property of the New York State Energy Research and Development Authority (NYSERDA) and represent only 200 acres of the larger Western New York Service Center, which is approximately 3,300 acres, also owned by NYSERDA. After DOE's responsibilities under the Act are complete, the Act requires that the premises be returned to New York State. 12.901 39% 13.424 4% 28.107 109% 41.122 46% 33.653 0.091
Service Center Personnel* 0.035 0.103 0.011 0.268 0.091
Totals 627.632 -13% 620.621 -1% 746.088 20% 708.921 -5% 761.474 7%
  • Note: Bold and boxed values indicate the greatest value in each column.
  • ◊ The percentage change from the previous year is not shown because it is not meaningful when the site collective dose is less than 1 person-rem (10 person-mSv).
  • * Includes service center personnel from smaller facilities not associated with a DOE site.