AFIT  logo

ORISE logo

Welcome to the HRSA Research Participation Program

The Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA), an agency of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, is the primary Federal agency for improving health care to people who are geographically isolated, economically or medically vulnerable.

HRSA programs help those in need of high quality primary health care, people living with HIV/AIDS, pregnant women and mothers. HRSA also supports the training of health professionals, the distribution of providers to areas where they are needed most and improvements in health care delivery.

HRSA oversees organ, bone marrow and cord blood donation. It compensates individuals harmed by vaccination, and maintains databases that protect against health care malpractice, waste, fraud and abuse.

Since 1943 the agencies that were HRSA precursors have worked to improve the health of needy people. HRSA was created in 1982, when the Health Resources Administration and the Health Services Administration were merged.

Bureau of Healthcare Workforce: The Bureau of Clinician Recruitment and Service (BCRS) merged with the Bureau of Health Professions (BHP) to become the Bureau of Health Workforce (BHW) on June 3, 2014.

Programs supported by the Bureau of Health Workforce (BHW) help America build a health care workforce prepared and eager to improve the public health by expanding access to quality health services and working to achieve health equity.

The BHW was created in May 2014, integrating Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA) workforce programs previously housed in two bureaus: Health Professions and Clinician Recruitment and Service.

The BHW manages the designation of Health Professional Shortage Areas and Medically Underserved Areas/Populations which determine eligibility for Federal programs including the Health Center Program, Rural Health Clinic Program, Medicare HPSA Bonus Payment and the Exchange Visitor and Conrad State 30 programs. The Bureau coordinates with State partners to assure consistent and accurate assessment of underservice, including data collection and analysis.

Bureau of Primary Health Care:

For more than 45 years, Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA) supported health centers have provided comprehensive, culturally competent, quality primary health care services to medically underserved communities and vulnerable populations. Health centers are community-based and patient-directed organizations that serve populations with limited access to health care.


(A)Located in or serve a high need community (designated Medically Underserved Area or Population); (B) Governed by a community board composed of a majority (51% or more) of health center patients who represent the population served. More about health center governance; (C) Provide comprehensive primary health care services as well as supportive services (education, translation and transportation, etc.) that promote access to health care; (D) Provide services available to all with fees adjusted based on ability to pay; (E)Meet other performance and accountability requirements regarding administrative, clinical, and financial operations.

Office of Planning, Analysis & Evaluation: The Office of Planning, Analysis and Evaluation (OPAE) serves as an agency source for policy analysis, data synthesis, organizational planning, external engagements, research, and evaluation. OPAE’s work assists the agency's bureaus and offices in their efforts to improve program performance and effectiveness which ultimately, helps to attain their strategic planning goals.

OPAE works proactively and collaboratively across all of HRSA's divisions, bureaus and offices, the U.S. DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (HHS), and other Federal and external stakeholders. OPAE's goal is to foster communication, promote innovation, solicit input, coordinate efforts, build partnerships, and identify opportunities for cross-agency initiatives.

OPAE comprises four offices: